Interesting facts "Society" Interesting facts about "dry law"
- Restrictions on the use of alcoholic beverages existed in Ancient Sparta. free Spartans were strictly prohibited from drinking undiluted wine. While the slaves could use it in almost unlimited quantities. This was done for educational purposes - young Spartans were shown how a drunken slave loses his human appearance. Not every free inhabitant of Sparta had the right to drink even diluted wine, but only those who already had grandchildren and did not plan to have children anymore.
- The myth of Russian drunkenness is quite widespread, but has little resemblance to reality. About half of the days of the year were fast, therefore, drinking alcohol at this time was strictly prohibited. It was forbidden to bury a person who died of drunkenness in a common cemetery. But, in the 16th century, by decree of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, "Tsar's taverns" began to open everywhere, the income from which went to the state treasury.
- And in our time in Saudi Arabia, the manufacture, storage and consumption of alcohol is prohibited. Violators face severe punishment. Several years ago, the Englishman Karl André was sent to prison for transporting his own wine by car. In addition to a prison sentence, the Briton was sentenced to 350 lashes. Despite the fact that he was then 74 years old.
- Prohibition was in effect in Norway for 60 years, from 1757 to 1816. All spirits were banned in the country. This ban was lifted only after the adoption of the Constitution of Norway. Currently, only one retail chain is engaged in the sale of alcohol - "Vinmonopolet". Alcohol is much more expensive here than in most European countries.
- In Iceland, a complete ban on alcohol was adopted as early as 1908. Interestingly, since 1935, spirits have been on the market again, but beer was still "illegal". It was believed that beer, more affordable, corrupts the people more than stronger alcohol. The beer went on sale only from March 1, 1989. Its lovers annually celebrate the Beer Festival on the first spring day.
- At the end of the nineteenth century, the Temperance Movement was formed in Canada, which demanded the introduction of a "dry law" in the country for 100 years at once in order to reduce the number of crimes and reduce the number of the poor who drank their last pennies. In 1898, a referendum was held in the country on this issue. Most regions supported the initiative, but in the province of Quebec, on the contrary, about 80 percent of voters were against. Only during the First World War, the production of alcohol with a strength higher than 2.5% was prohibited. The decree was canceled in the late twenties.
- Following the example of Canada, the fight against drunkenness began in the neighboring country, the United States of America. the government tried to convince the people that drunkenness was in no way consistent with the American way of life, corrupting people morally and physically. By 1914, "dry law" was already in effect in 15 states, and on December 17, 1917, the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution was adopted in the country, according to which it was prohibited to produce, sell and transport alcohol across the United States. Perhaps the goals of this amendment were the most noble, but an underground market for the illegal sale of alcohol began to literally flourish in the country. In New York alone, the death rate from poisoning with an alcoholic surrogate has grown nine times over several years, but shady businessmen earned huge fortunes on this. After a futile struggle, the government surrendered - on December 5, 1933, alcohol was again sold freely.
- In the summer of 1914, Russia entered the First World War on the side of the Entente. By the decree of Emperor Nicholas II, during the mobilization, a "dry law" was introduced, which was then extended for several years. Already in the country's budget for 1915, the income from the sale of alcohol was not included. The Soviet government supported this initiative, Lenin in 1919 signed a decree prohibiting the sale of spirits. But the ban on weak alcoholic beverages was gradually lifted, and in August 1925 vodka, popularly called "Rykovka", after the name of the Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Alexei Ivanovich Rykov, went on sale.
- Many residents of our country remember well the anti-alcohol campaign of the perestroika era. On May 7, 1985, a decree was issued on "Strengthening the fight against drunkenness and alcoholism." At the same time, the sale of alcohol brought up to a quarter of all funds to the budget of the Soviet Union. The price of alcohol rose sharply and huge queues lined up outside stores, despite the fact that vodka prices rose sharply. At the end of the eighties, coupons were introduced for many goods, including vodka. Twenty years later, in 2005, VTsIOM conducted a survey - how did the Russians react to Mikhail Gorbachev's decree? Interestingly, more than half of the respondents (58 percent) reacted positively to the anti-alcohol company in general.