This interesting story began in 1939, when an article appeared in the Polish newspaper Ziche Varshavy, which claimed that Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was not the son of the Georgian shoemaker Vissarion Dzhugashvili. Moreover, the newspaper published portraits of the leader of the country of the Soviets and the famous traveler Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky. Polish newspapermen assured that it was Przewalski who was the real father of Joseph Vissarionovich, especially since the similarity was clear.
Everything was not limited to one article. Legends appeared that in 1878 Przhevalsky was in Georgia, where he met 22-year-old Ekaterina Dzhugashvili (nee Geladze). Catherine, by that time, had already been married for four years to the shoemaker Vissarion Dzhugashvili, who was away - he worked at a shoe factory in Tiflis. According to this legend, in December 1878, Catherine's son Joseph was born. Przhevalsky recognized the child as his own, and for many years sent money to Georgia.
But the legend is a legend, and serious researchers of Przhevalsky's biography decided to clarify whether the traveler could become Stalin's father, and whether he had ever been to Georgia at all. At the beginning of 1878, Nikolai Mikhailovich was far from the Caucasus - in China. Moreover, he suffered from severe eczema. Various ointments, compresses and lotions gave only temporary relief, but did not bring complete recovery. In addition, the news of the death of his mother came from Russia, after which Przhevalsky's condition worsened again.
As soon as relief came, Nikolai Mikhailovich went to his native Smolensk province to bow to his mother's grave. As you can see, Przhevalsky's route passed that year far from the places where Ekaterina Georgievna Dzhugashvili lived. Moreover, in the biography of the traveler, there is no evidence at all that he visited Georgia.
Nevertheless, many continued to believe that Przhevalsky was the father of the leader of the peoples, especially since during the reign of Joseph Vissarionovich the traveler was not forgotten. Films were made about Przhevalsky, in 1946 a medal named after him was instituted. Even in the encyclopedia of the Stalinist period, the portrait of Nikolai Mikhailovich was printed larger than the portraits of the classics of Marxism-Leninism.
An interesting fact, when the Bolsheviks seized power in Russia, and Przhevalsky's students continued their expeditions to Mongolia, they quietly "forgot" about the late teacher, great explorer of Central Asia, major general and honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences. But after the war of 1941-45, when the father of all nations decided to return its heroes to the Soviet country, the Nikolai Mikhailovich Przhevalsky gold medal was instituted among the very first personalized awards.
P.S. Modern science confirms - the version that Stalin is the son of Przewalski is nothing more than a myth. According to the results of DNA analysis, Stalin's grandson, director A. Burdonsky, has haplogroup G2, which is characteristic of Armenians and Ossetians. But the representatives of the Przhevalsky family (Nikolai Mikhailovich did not have official children) had the R1a haplogroup, typical for Europeans.