Surely many have heard such a word more than once - sybarite, but not everyone knows its origin and meaning. Currently, sybarite is called a pampered spoiled person who lives in luxury, pleasure and idleness. This word has a negative connotation, and although it is not widespread in everyday life, it is quite often used in the media and literary circles. So where did this definition come from?
In the original meaning of this word, "sybarites" (Greek sybarites) are inhabitants of the ancient Greek colony of Sybaris, founded by proto-Greek tribes around 720 BC. e. in Lucania (Southern Italy). Thanks to its wide trade ties, Sybaris took the position of a powerful trade center. During his heyday, Sybaris was subject to more than 20 cities and he could put up to 300, 000 warriors against external enemies.
The rich sybarites spoiled by luxury, indulging in idle fun, did not suspect that the word "sybarite" would ever become a household name. But all good things cannot last forever ...
In 510 BC. e. during the reign of the tyrant Telius, the Sybarites began a war with Croton, but they were defeated and their city was destroyed to the ground. The luxury and insolence of the Sybarites led to the fact that in 70 days the Crotons deprived them of all their happiness. Having captured the city, they took the river to it and flooded it. Sybaris drowned in luxury, literally drowned. In the middle of the 5th century (443), after several attempts to revive the city, the common Greek colony of Sybaris was created under the leadership of Athens, which was soon renamed Furies.
In 284 BC. e. the city was occupied by the Roman garrison, but during the Punic wars went over to the side of Hannibal. Hannibal initially decided to strengthen Sybaris by transferring the inhabitants of the city of Atell here, but then in 204 BC. e. he gave it to his army for plunder and resettled 3, 500 of its inhabitants to Croton. And in 194, on the site of the former Sybaris, a small Roman colony Copia (Abundance) was founded, whose name vainly invoked the memory of fabulous wealth.