The dead are shameful

According to the chronicles, it was with these words that Prince Svyatoslav addressed his soldiers before the battle with the Byzantines at Arkadiopol in 970.

“We have nowhere to go, whether we want it or not - we have to fight. So we will not put the Russian land to shame, but we will lie down here with the bones, for the dead have no shame. If we run, we will be disgraced. So let us not run, but let us stand strong, and I will go ahead of you: if my head falls down, then take care of your own. "

As can be seen from the context, the meaning of the phrase The dead are shameful is as follows: even in the event of a lost battle, the descendants have nothing to reproach the dead for, for they did everything they could - they fought with dignity and died with weapons in their hands.

Interestingly, the Russian and Byzantine chronicles illuminate the battle in different ways. The Byzantines estimated that Svyatoslav fought about 30, 000 wars against 10, 000 Byzantines under the leadership of Barda Sklira, and despite this the valiant Romans won a victory, utterly defeating the Russian army. According to Leo the Deacon, the Byzantines surrounded the enemy and won a complete victory, losing only 55 people killed against 20 thousand at Svyatoslav. The Russian chronicle defines the size of the army of Svyatoslav at 10-20 thousand people, it is also reported about the victory in the battle, the further offensive and the devastation of cities. Svyatoslav concluded a peace treaty with Tzimiskes that ended the war, received tribute to his soldiers, including those killed, and stopped the offensive against Constantinople. The text given in the "Tale of Bygone Years" under the year 6479 (971) is considered the full text of the Russian-Byzantine peace treaty concluded in July 971 after the siege of Dorostol.