Vandals are people who desecrate objects of art, culture and other values of public importance. This word is more than 3000 years old and came to us from ancient Rome. Historically, the word "vandal" has a meaning - "wild, merciless robbery, barbarism"
This is how Roman citizens characterized the East Germanic tribe of the Vandals, who sacked the capital of the Roman Empire, Rome in June 455. Although the vandals more likely robbed and took out valuables than destroyed them, and the captives were driven away for ransom in the best traditions of that time, the defeated but not broken Romans awarded the vandals the glory of wild and uncultured "barbarians". Perhaps this is due to the brutal persecution of the Catholic clergy and the destruction of Catholic churches.
The emergence of the term vandalism in the modern sense of the word refers to the time of the Great French Revolution - for the first time the term in its modern meaning was used by the member of the convention of the States General, Abbot Henri Gregoire in 1794, when he made a "Report on the destruction caused by vandalism and means of preventing them", calling for the most severe way to suppress the destruction of monuments of art, and Gregoire had in mind primarily the actions of the army of the young French Republic.
In 1846, a book by Count de Montalembert appeared, in which the author condemned the destruction of Catholic churches. In the 19th century, the word vandalism has firmly entered into use as a designation of senseless destruction or damage to works of art, architectural monuments, culture, etc.
At present, vandalism is well characterized by Article 214 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. "Vandalism" is a type of crime, expressed in "desecration of buildings or other structures, damage to property on public transport or in other public places."
The most famous vandal of antiquity can be called Herostratus, a resident of Ephesus, who burned the temple of Artemis (one of the wonders of the world) in his hometown on July 21, 356 BC. e. so that his name is remembered by descendants. The punishment was the execution and the order to completely forget his name. However, this story has survived to this day.
Yes, and in our time, vandalization takes place, and these are just some examples:
In 1931, everyone was shocked by the news from Moscow about the explosion of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. Thus, the Bolsheviks decided to protect the people from the poison of religion. The temple was built in honor of the warriors who fell in the 1812 war.
The famous statue of the Little Mermaid in Copenhagen was damaged by vandals a dozen times. Parts of her body were sawed off, painted, dressed in a burqa, and even blown up.
Da Vinci's most famous creation is one of the most well-protected pieces of art in the world. But before the canvas was fenced off with bulletproof glass, it was seriously damaged several times after being hit by acid, paint, stone and even a porcelain cup. Repin's canvas cut with a knife "Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan", doused with sulfuric acid by Rembrandt's "Denmark" - are other well-known examples of vandalism in painting.
A blatant act of vandalism was committed by Afghan mujahideen for religious reasons when in 2001 the Bamiyan Buddha statues carved into the rock were blown up. The statues were about 2000 years old.
Thousands of desecrated monuments and graves of Soviet soldiers. Nationalists believe that this is how they fight the invaders in the person of Russia, although in reality they simply show their low intelligence and lack of moral values. Why are Satanic sects vandalizing, everyone understands and so.
As a result, there is a paradox: the Vandal tribe has long sunk into oblivion, and the vandals in this world are still not extinct.