The holiday of May 1 was one of the most popular and beloved in the Soviet Union; May 1 is the Day of International Workers' Solidarity.
It all began on May 1, 1886 in the American city of Chicago. On this day, thousands of local workers took to the streets, demanding the introduction of a law on an eight-hour working day. The rallies continued for several days, and workers were killed in clashes with the police. At the same time, the number of victims, according to various sources, differs significantly - from 4 to 50 people.
In 1889, the Congress of the Second International, which was held in Paris, decided to annually celebrate May 1 as the Day of Solidarity of the workers of the whole world. Since 1918, this holiday has become official in our country. It was called at that time a little differently - International Day. In 1928, the country's leadership decided that one day was not enough, therefore, May 2 was also declared a holiday.
This holiday was also illegally celebrated in tsarist Russia. The first May Day took place back in 1891. In large industrial cities, hundreds of workers gathered for the proletarian holiday. Often these gatherings reached the point of armed confrontation with the police.
In the USSR, the names given in honor of this holiday were common. For example, some girls received such an exotic name as Dazdraperma, which stands for Long Live May 1st.
It was believed that in the USSR there was no exploitation of man by man, therefore, the working people of the Soviet Union did not fight for their rights, but only expressed solidarity with the workers of the capitalist countries.
By the way, despite the fact that the May Day holiday originates from the United States, in this country, hard workers celebrate Labor Day not on May 1, but on the first Monday in September. It is an official holiday in all states of the country. On this day, it is customary not only to celebrate Labor Day, but also to see off the summer.
Celebrated on May 1 in Russia long before the revolutionary events. For example, in the era of Peter the Great, it was customary to organize festivities on this day and glorify the arrival of spring.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the holiday was not canceled, but only changed its name. Since 1992, on the first day of May, we have been celebrating the Spring and Labor Day. According to opinion polls, 2/3 of the population continues to consider May 1 as a holiday of workers, and 1/3 perceive it simply as an additional day off.
May 1 is a public holiday in 66 countries around the world. Even as exotic as Aruba, Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka.
Of course, we associate May 1, first of all, with the Labor Day, but this does not mean at all that on this day no more interesting events took place. For example, Hawaiian dances are celebrated in Hawaii, while Lily of the Valley Day is celebrated in France.