Ballet originated in the 15th century in Italy, and the very word ballo, meaning dance, is Italian. However, it developed more fully in France, when King Louis XIV, a former passionate dancer, opened the first European Dance Academy in Paris in 1661.
The beginning of the ballet era in France and throughout the world should be considered October 15, 1581, when at the French court a performance took place, which is considered to be the first ballet - "The Queen's Comedy Ballet" (or "Cercea"), staged by the Italian violinist, "the chief intendant of music »Balthazarini de Belgioso.
Initially, the movements in ballet were based on court dances and did not require physical training. But the first performer to stand on her toes was the Italian Maria Taglioni, who also toured in Russia.
By the 20th century, the authority of Russian ballet had grown so much that Western performers began to take Russian names for themselves! So, the British Patrick Healy-Kay, Alice Marks and Hilda Munnings remained in the history of art as Anton Dolin, Alicia Markova, Lydia Sokolova.
The beloved of Sergei Yesenin, Isadora Duncan, tragically died in Nice, suffocated with her own scarf, which fell into the axle of the wheel of the car on which she was taking a walk. It was alleged that her last words, spoken before getting into the car, were: “Goodbye, friends! I'm going to glory "
To sew a ballet tutu, it will take about 13-16 meters of tulle and 2 days of work.
A ballerina changes more than 300 pairs of ballet shoes per year
The weight of an average ballerina is about 51 kg
Professional ballerinas get sick four times more often than ordinary people.
The outstanding ballerina Olga Lepeshinskaya broke her leg during her performance. The crackle was so strong that even the audience in the hall could hear it. But the ballerina heroically brought the scene to the end. How she managed to do this with a triple fracture, neither the doctors nor the artist herself could understand.
One of the most poignant forms of ballet humiliation is a broom wrapped in newspaper. He is thrown onto the stage instead of a bouquet. Hence the backstage saying "you will wait for a broom in the newspaper!"
In the second half of the 18th century, ballet companies consisted exclusively of men
A man dancing in ballet is lifted at least a ton for each performance, that is, he lifts a ballerina about 200 times.
In 2001, Saparmurat Turkmenbashi abolished ballet in Turkmenistan. “I don't understand ballet, ” he remarked. - Why do I need it? ... It is impossible to instill in Turkmens a love of ballet if they do not have it in their blood. " By his order, the opera and ballet theater in Ashgabat was demolished. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, who replaced him, left ballet banned.