The first person to dine in space was Yuri Gagarin. And not because he had time to get hungry, his flight lasted less than two hours, just eating was included in the flight plan: scientists were interested in the question - can a person eat in zero gravity and how the body will react to it?
German Titov, cosmonaut number 2, has already spent 25 hours in space, during which time he managed to eat three times. His menu consisted of vegetable puree soup, liver pâté and blackcurrant juice. Titov himself later said that he still felt hungry.
Since 1963, food for astronauts has been put on a scientific basis: a special laboratory was opened at the Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Scientists have done a great job, after 20 years the menu of space explorers included more than 200 dishes.
By the way, even at the beginning of the space age, many scientists began to develop tablets, during which the astronaut's body had to receive all the necessary substances. The experiments ended in failure, magic pills were never invented, and the astronauts in orbit preferred ordinary food.
For a long time, food packaging for astronauts looked like regular tubes of toothpaste. Now they are practically not used, and the products are sealed in vacuum packaging. The developers guarantee that such products are stored for at least five years without losing their properties.
But the American astronaut John Young in 1965 decided to diversify his menu on his own. He carried a beef sandwich into the Gemini 3 spacecraft without permission. In orbit, Young, like a true comrade, shared it with his companion Gus Grissom. And after returning to Earth, he received a serious suggestion. The fact is that crumbs in a spaceship are very dangerous. In zero gravity, they get into the lungs or eyes of the astronauts, and into the equipment. It is not surprising that very small loaves are prepared for Russian cosmonauts, weighing less than 5 g. Such a loaf can be swallowed whole without fear of scattering of crumbs.
The French love of cheese is well known. One of the astronauts of this country tried to take cheese with mold with him to the Mir station. But representatives of Roscosmos forbade the gourmet such liberties: mold could disrupt the biological environment in the spacecraft.
Most of the space food for Russian cosmonauts is made by the Biryulevsky Experimental Plant. And in the entire history of Russian cosmonautics, products with a total weight of 80 tons were sent to zero gravity.
Before the flight, astronauts are offered to try a variety of space dishes, after which, based on preferences, a container with food is formed. And yet astronauts complain that the taste of food changes dramatically in orbit.