Interestingly, the prototypes of modern chewing gum were found in various parts of the world. The Indians, for example, chewed the frozen sap of Hevea, and the ancient Greeks chewed the resin of the mastic tree. In Siberia, larch resin was used to clean teeth and strengthen gums.
For the first time, American John Curtis began the production of chewing gum on an industrial scale. In 1848 he opened a gum factory in Bangor. The first varieties of gum were called "cream with sugar" and "White Mountain". But there was no excitement among buyers, and in 1860 Curtis closed his business.
Ohio dentist William Finley Samples became the holder of the first patent for chewing gum. It happened on June 5, 1869. But Samples did not engage in mass production.
In 1928, Walter Deamer developed the perfect chewing gum formula - 60% sugar, 20% rubber, 19% sugar syrup and 1% flavor. Dimer's formula is used in our time, only synthetic rubber is used instead of rubber, plus a whole set of "chemistry" - flavors, thickeners, and so on.
In 1930, Professor Hallingworth conducted a study in which he concluded that chewing calms the nerves. After the results of the study were made public, the gum was included in the ration of the American army.
William Wrigley - founder of one of the most popular brands of chewing gum, was involved in the production of soap in his youth. He gave out a small bonus to buyers of his products - chewing gum. But, noticing that often the soap was taken precisely because of the gum, I decided to start a new production.
Chewing hooligans are being fought in many countries. In England, for example, chewing gum stuck in a public place can go to jail for a day.
But in Singapore, chewing gum is prohibited. A person chewing it in the street faces a huge fine.
In the Californian city of San Luis Obispo, the authorities took a different path. A wall has been built in the city, on which any passer-by can stick gum. An unusual structure with gum glued in several layers is a local landmark.
An unusual achievement was set in 1994 by Susan Mantgomery. She inflated a bubble with a diameter of 58.5 centimeters. The record was marked in the Guinness Book of Records.
International Gum Day is celebrated on 23 September. It was on this day that John Curtis made the first samples of chewing gum.