Whole generations of children have grown up on the classic semolina porridge. Despite this, the question: "what is semolina made of?" not everyone can answer. It turns out that Semolina, or semolina, is a coarsely ground grain from wheat, the average particle diameter is from 0.25 to 0.75 mm. Semolina is most often made from durum wheat. Semolina is a by-product in the production of wheat flour, when after grinding about 2% of small grain fragments remain.
Semolina contains 70 percent starch, a lot of proteins, vitamins and minerals, and since it is quickly cooked, they are all preserved. Semolina is digested in the lower intestine and then absorbed into the bloodstream. That is why liquid semolina is a part of diets for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Semolina cleanses the body and removes fat.
Semolina porridge is very often prepared for children, which is not entirely correct, since a child's stomach cannot yet digest the starch contained in semolina in large quantities. The phytin contained in semolina is able to bind calcium, which comes along with other food, thus depriving the child's body of the building material for bones. Often, children who constantly eat semolina get sick with rickets or seizures.
For adults and the elderly, the disadvantages of fiber-free semolina turn into its advantages: semolina does not irritate the stomach, prevents colon cancer. Semolina is the only cereal that is digested in the lower part of the intestine and only there is absorbed into its walls. Semolina is a good remedy for the treatment and prevention of intestinal diseases, it cleanses the body of mucus and removes fat.
Semolina contains everything that is in wheat flour: starch, vitamins E and B1, B2, B6, PP, iron. Semolina is recommended for severe patients in the postoperative period, when enhanced nutrition is needed.
There are three types of semolina on sale: the letter "M" on the package indicates semolina from soft wheat varieties, the letter "T" denotes cereals made from hard varieties, and the letters "MT" indicate semolina containing at least 20% of cereals from hard varieties wheat. Very often this information is not indicated on the packaging.
An interesting fact - semolina in Russia was produced in small quantities and only got on the tables of aristocrats, the common people did not know semolina. In the USSR, semolina porridge has become an everyday, publicly available product.
One of the types of semolina porridge - the famous Guryev porridge was invented at the beginning of the 19th century. The name of this porridge comes from the name of Count Dmitry Guryev, a member of the State Council and Minister of Finance, and it was invented by Zakhar Kuzmin, a serf cook. Guryev bought out Kuzmin and his family and made him his own cook. There is another version, according to which Guryev himself invented a recipe for porridge.