Translated from Sanskrit, "mango" means "great fruit". The delicate and aromatic pulp of mango contains an incredibly high amount of vitamins and minerals, which explains the fact that this fruit is more consumed than bananas and apples in the world.
The homeland of mango is considered to be East India, Burma and the Andaman Islands, where for more than 4 thousand years this fruit has been a favorite dish of both officials and rulers and common people. Many kings and nobles had their own mango groves. The cultivation of their own varieties was a source of great pride and high social status. According to custom, the most beautiful fruits - selected mangoes - were sent as gifts to dignitaries and dear friends. Around the 5th century BC, Buddhist monks brought it to Malaysia and East Asia. Legend has it that Buddha found peace and quiet in the mango grove. Persian traders spread mangoes throughout the Middle East and Africa, and from there Portuguese ships brought the fruit to Brazil. Mangoes reached North America in the 1830s and 1880s.
Since ancient times, the mango tree in India has been considered a sacred tree that can grant wishes. Hindus believe that if you hang a fresh mango on the front door during the new year, happiness and blessing will surely come to your home. Interestingly, Hindus brush their teeth with mango twigs during the holy holidays.
Despite all the benefits and extraordinary taste of the fruit, the toxic gases from burning mango leaves and trees can cause serious eye and lung irritation. Mango leaves are considered poisonous to cattle. An interesting fact is that in ancient India, a certain shade of yellow dye was achieved by feeding cattle a small amount of mango leaves and collecting their urine after that. Of course, since mango leaves are very toxic, and cows are sacred animals, this method turned out to be illegal.
More than 20 million tons of mangoes are grown annually in the world. The leading producer is India, but in European stores mangoes are mainly from Spain. There are 2 main varieties of mango - Indian and Indo-Chinese, the rest are hybrids. Indian mango is rounded, red or yellow. Indochinese mango - elongated and green.
For centuries, all parts of the mango tree in one form or another have been used in traditional Indian medicine for the treatment and prevention of various diseases. There are known recipes for Indian drugs based on the mango tree that have antiviral, antiparasitic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-asthma and expectorant effects. Mango was also popular for contraceptive purposes and as an aphrodisiac.
It is interesting that green mango fruits contain more vitamin C than ripe ones, but ripe fruits contain more vitamin A. Currently, the use of mango fruits is recommended not only to increase immunity in the fight against colds, to improve vision and digestion, to maintain the body in time of nervous overload, but even for the prevention of cancer. Studies have shown that the pulp of this fruit contains substances called the carotenoid cryptoxanthins, which are "traps" for free radicals, so regular consumption of mango significantly reduces the risk of developing tumors.