The Red Sea is located in a tectonic depression in the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. Through the Suez Canal, the Red Sea is connected to the Mediterranean Sea and washes the shores of the countries of Asia and Africa.
14 interesting facts about the Red Sea
- The Red Sea is part of the World Ocean and is the saltiest. The salinity of its waters is up to 60 grams of salt per liter of liquid. Many will argue that the saltiest is the Dead Sea, but, firstly, this is a lake, and secondly, it is not part of the oceans.
- In terms of transparency, the Red Sea is among the leaders among all the seas. The fact is that this reservoir has no tributaries in the form of rivers, and it is their waters that bring silt and other polluting substances.
- The Red Sea has no feeding rivers, precipitation in this area falls 20 times less than water evaporates from the surface of the reservoir. It would seem that the Red Sea should dry up. But this is not due to the fact that water supplies are replenished by the waters of the Gulf of Aden.
- A complete renewal of water in the Red Sea takes 15 years.
- This is the warmest sea on the planet. In winter, the water temperature ranges from 20 ° C, while in summer the waters in the southernmost extremities warm up to 30 ° C. Heating of the sea leads to the formation of monsoon winds and complex currents.
- There are 8 different countries on the shores of the Red Sea, and there are only 25 islands in the water area.
- The depth of the sea is very different: from shallow water to a depth of 2 kilometers. But almost 2/3 of the entire area of the reservoir is shallow water up to 100 meters deep. Fact 8 In Saudi Arabia, there are not enough natural sources of drinking water, therefore, the country uses the technology of desalination of the Red Sea water, making it suitable for the needs of the population.
- The Red Sea is the youngest sea in existence on the planet. The reservoir was formed about 25 million years ago in a large fault, which arose as a result of the movement of continental plates between the Arabian Peninsula and Africa. And the area of the Red Sea continues to increase - due to tectonic activity in the water area, the shores of the reservoir diverge by about 1 cm every year, and over 100 years the area will increase by 1 m2.
- The uniqueness of the Red Sea in the species diversity of fish: there are about 1, 5 thousand species, and about 10% of them are found exclusively in this sea. The reservoir is replete with coral reefs, attracting thousands of divers with their beauty. After the Suez Canal began to operate (it happened in 1869), linking the Red and Mediterranean Seas, an exchange of fauna and flora took place between the two bodies of water.
- At various times, at least 17 large ships sank in the waters of the Red Sea. Divers sink to the bottom to see modern technology on ships that sank at the end of the last century.
- The salty shores of the Red Sea are virtually devoid of vegetation. In conditions of increased salinity of the soil, plants simply do not take root, since they are deprived of a nutrient medium.
- Only Europeans call this the Red Sea. Residents of Israel say "Yam Suf", which in translation from Hebrew means reed or reed sea. This name is probably associated with the reed beds in the Suez Canal. And the Egyptians call the sea "green space".
- The waters of the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea have different density and salinity. Therefore, at the junction of two waters of different color, an amazing picture is formed - they do not mix!
- There is a unique natural phenomenon in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait - a current that simultaneously enters and exits the Red Sea.