Rivers occupy 12% of Russia, and this is 2, 8 million rivers with a total length of 12, 4 million km, which played an important role as transport routes and in the settlement of lands. Most large cities are built on river banks.
11 interesting facts about the rivers of Russia
- The Lena River is the largest of the rivers, the basin of which is entirely located on the territory of Russia. Despite the fact that its length is more than 4, 000 kilometers, it flows through the territory of only two regions - the Irkutsk region and Yakutia. In the Yakut city of Olekminsk, there is a monument to this river in the form of a beautiful girl. By the way, the name of the Lena River has nothing to do with the female name. It's just that the local peoples called her "Yelyu-Ene", which means "Big River".
- The Volga has a birthday - May 20. It is on this day that all the Volga regions celebrate the Volga Day. This holiday appeared quite recently, in 2008. The initiator was Nizhny Novgorod, then the tradition spread throughout the Volga region. The longest bridge across the Volga is in Ulyanovsk, its length is 5, 825 meters. The bridge, called the Presidential Bridge, was built for over 20 years - from 1986 to 2009.
- The most winding river in Russia is called Piana, it flows in the Nizhny Novgorod region. The length of the river is 436 kilometers, while it makes many turns and flows into the Sura 30 kilometers from the source. The writer PI Melnikov-Pechersky argued that the river got its name because of its amazing tortuosity: "she dangles in all directions, like a drunken woman." According to other sources, the name comes from the Finno-Ugric word "pien", which means "small". The river is really not wide, and the depth rarely exceeds 2-3 meters.
- The Ural River until 1775 was called Yaik, which means "overflowing". It was here that the peasant war began under the leadership of Yemelyan Pugachev. After the suppression of the riot, Catherine the Second ordered to rename the river to the Ural, so that even the name would not remind of what happened. On September 5, 1919, the legendary Civil War hero Vasily Ivanovich Chapaev drowned in this river.
- The source of the Don is located in the north of the Central Russian Upland, and it flows into the Sea of Azov. But, this is far from the only river in the world with such a name. There are also Don rivers in England, Scotland, Canada, France and Laos. In 1965, Soviet writer Mikhail Sholokhov received the Nobel Prize for his novel Quiet Flows the Don. Initially, Sholokhov planned to name his work differently - "Don region".
- It is far from Moscow to the nearest sea. But, for some reason, our capital is called the port of the five seas. It is believed that Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was the first to use this phrase in 1936, when the "leader of the peoples" visited the construction of a canal that connected two rivers - Moscow and the Volga. After the completion of the work from Moscow, it became possible to get by water to five seas - the Black, Baltic, White, Caspian and Azov. And for the first time, they started talking about the possibility of connecting the rivers of Moscow and the Volga with a canal during the reign of Peter the Great.
- In 1963, a TU-124 airliner landed on the Neva on a flight from Tallinn to Moscow. The plane's front landing gear was jammed, landing on the runway in this state threatened to catch fire and an explosion. The crew made a decision - to land on the surface of the Neva. Thanks to the skill of the pilots, they managed to avoid casualties. Onboard there were 44 passengers and 7 crew members. None of them were hurt.
- Director Grigory Alexandrov has been filming his legendary comedy "Volga-Volga" for more than four years. Moreover, the film crew had a chance to visit not only the Volga, but also the Kama, and even the Chusovaya River. And the steamer "Sevryuga" was built in the village of Vetluzhsky. The film became one of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin's favorites.
- An interesting case was recorded in September 1950 on the Yenisei. A whale swam into a freshwater river and covered a distance of 400 kilometers in four days. But the sea giant could no longer return back - the whale died near the city of Dudinka. His body was ripped open with sharp stones. Even the Yenisei, whose name translated from Evenk means "big water", turned out to be too small for a whale.
- In connection with the construction of the Rybinsk reservoir, hundreds of settlements were found at the bottom of the Volga. Including seven cities. Two of them, Mologa and Korcheva, were completely flooded. There were rumors that about 300 residents of Mologa refused to move and died along with the city. The builders themselves denied this fact, proving that the flooding of the city took several years and by 1946, when it finally disappeared under water, none of the residents of Mologa remained in their houses.
- By the way, March 14 is the International Day Against Dams. Currently, only a third of large rivers do not have dams or dams. Protectors of nature are trying to prove that the construction of dams causes colossal damage to rivers. Moreover, the damage is irreversible, since the natural course of rivers is disrupted. Before the appearance of dams on the Volga, the water in the river was renewed every 90 days, during which time it reached from the upper reaches of the river to the Caspian Sea.