Cape Horn is the southernmost point of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago. The Europeans first visited here on January 29, 1616. At this time, a Dutch ship under the command of Captain Willem Schouten sailed here. The Dutch tried to find a new route to Asia. The name of the Cape was given by Captain Schouten in honor of his hometown of Hoorn. The logbook noted that the crew was given a triple portion of wine that day.
Cape Horn meets sailors inhospitable: the temperature here is not high, during the year it varies from -2 to +14 degrees Celsius. It rains constantly and strong winds blow. In the era of sailing ships, the passage of Cape Horn was considered a sign of excellence. After the first successful passage, the sailor received the right to wear a copper earring in his ear. After the second, it was replaced by a silver one, and after the third - by a gold one. There is even a legend that sailors who passed the Horn received one free portion of alcohol in port taverns.
And now Cape Horn attracts many tourists, cruise ships go here. And the tourists themselves who have made such a trip receive special certificates.
Despite the harsh climate, these places have long been inhabited. The Korean population was the Yagan Indians, who were engaged in hunting and fishing here. Currently, no one has survived from this tribe, the last representative, by the name of Lakutaya le Kipa, died in 1983. According to her recollections, the journalist from Chile Patricia Stambuk published the book "Rose Yagan, the last connection." Now only the keepers of the local lighthouse live on the cape.
In 1937, in France, the “Brotherhood of sea captains who passed Cape Horn” was created, the Society ceased to exist in 2003 due to the fact that none of its founders simply survived. But, similar associations exist in different countries of the world and in our time.
Hundreds of ships crashed here and remained forever lying on the seabed near Cape Horn. Researchers say that since the 17th century, the number of sailors killed exceeds 10, 000 people. It was here that the legend of the Flying Dutchman appeared. The captain of the merchant ship Van der Decken could not pass the cape for a long time due to bad weather. In his hearts, he threw a phrase that he would overcome Cape Horn, even if he had to do it before the second coming of Christ. Since then, the Flying Dutchman has been doomed to wander forever.
In 1933, Alfon Moller Hansen from Norway became the first navigator to cross Cape Horn alone. On the sailing ship "Mary Jane" he left Buenos Aires, passed Cape Horn and after 110 days of a risky journey entered the bay of the port of Ancud, located on the island of Chiloe, which belongs to Chile.
In 2010, the famous Russian traveler Fyodor Konyukhov visited the Bobruisk Art College, from which he graduated many years ago. At the request of Fyodor Filippovich, college students made a commemorative cross with an inscription in English: "In memory of all the dead sailors at Cape Horn." During his next trip, Fyodor Konyukhov erected a cross at Cape Horn.