The ancient Celts called this river Tamesas, which translates as "gloomy, dark water", as it flowed through swampy places. The Romans who conquered the British Isles began to call her Tames, later, in English, the word was somewhat transformed and began to sound like "Thames".
The total length of the river is 334 kilometers, and just over 300 of them are navigable.
Public water transport is developed on the Thames, especially since the river rarely freezes, the last time it happened in the winter of 1962-1963. And in 1814 the ice was so strong that a fair was even staged on the frozen Thames.
On July 10, 1829, a rowing race was held on the Thames between students from Cambridge and Oxford. Since 1856, similar competitions have been held annually, breaks were made only during the world wars. No one has managed to achieve a clear advantage over all these years: at the moment, Cambridge has 83 victories, Oxford has 80, and in 1877 the referees recorded a draw.
The Thames River is the most famous in the UK, which is not surprising - London is located on it. But the length of the Thames is inferior to the Severn River, which originates in Wales and carries its waters to the Bay of Bristol. The total length of the channel is 354 kilometers.
In London alone, the Thames is crossed by more than three dozen bridges, the most famous of which is the Tower of London, opened in 1894. The construction cost an enormous amount - over a million pounds. The bridge quickly became one of the main attractions of the English capital.
In the 17th century, King James I of England demanded an unscheduled sum of £ 20, 000 from the London municipality. When the monarch was refused, he threatened to move his royal court and parliament from London to Oxford. To which he received the answer - the most important thing is that the king will not be able to move the Thames anywhere.
The Thames has always attracted treasure hunters. Fluctuations in the water level in the river reach 7 meters, therefore, interesting finds often occur on the shore. It can be both ancient coins and jewelry, and ordinary household items from the past: buttons, dishes. For many years, the poor of London earned their livelihood from the sale of such finds.
On September 3, 1878, a terrible tragedy struck on the Thames, the passenger steamer Princess Alice crashed and collided with the Bywell Castle charcoal carrier. Managed to save about 200 passengers, some of them soon died due to the fact that they were poisoned by sewage, which drained into the Thames. But the exact number of deaths remained unknown, since the number of passengers significantly exceeded the maximum allowable. Only an approximate number was named - 650 people.
English writer Leater Ackroyd believes that the Thames is a source of negative energy for London. In the book Thames - Sacred River, he gives a huge number of eerie stories. For example, some people specially came to London to drown themselves in the Thames. Many of them remained at the bottom of the river. In addition, criminals often dumped their victims into the Thames to cover their tracks.