Many travel agencies offer to relax on the Adriatic coast, describing the advantages of a comfortable stay at low prices. But in response, a natural question arises: where is the Adriatic Sea? It turns out that this is a semi-enclosed part of the Mediterranean Sea between the Apennine and Balkan peninsulas, which washes the shores of several countries: Italy (more than 1000 km), Slovenia (47 km), Croatia (1777 km), Bosnia and Herzegovina (20 km), Montenegro ( 200 km), Albania (472 km).
The Adriatic Sea communicates with the Mediterranean Sea through the Ionian. Where the Adriatic Sea joins the Ionian, the peninsulas converge and form the Otranto Strait, which is called the gateway to the Adriatic. Its width at its narrowest point is 75 km. On the coast of the strait is the Italian city of Otranto, and at the southernmost point of the Italian "heel", where Cape Santa Maria di Leuca is located, the strait enters the Ionian Sea.
Interestingly, the name of the Adriatic Sea comes from the ancient port of Adria, which was located on the coast in the delta of the Po and Adige rivers. However, over several thousand years, these rivers, with their sediments, carried the deltas deep into the shallow sea in this place so much that now Adria is 25 km away from the sea.
The area of the Adriatic Sea is 144 thousand km², depth - from 20 m in the northern part of the sea to 1230 m - in the southeast. It juts out into the land for 796 kilometers, the width of the sea is from 93 to 222 kilometers.
The water temperature of the Adriatic Sea in the northern parts is up to +24 degrees in summer and +7 degrees in winter; in the southern parts in summer - +26 degrees, in winter - +13. In summer it is sunny and warm, and in winter it often rains and is often cloudy.
A distinctive feature of the Adriatic Sea is the transparency of the waters, which is one of the highest in the world and is 56 meters! The salinity of the waters is also higher than the world average and amounts to 38 ppm.
The coastal area is represented by many species of molluscs and crustaceans. Oysters, mussels, sea urchins, crabs live in shallow waters. Seahorses swim in the thickets of seaweed. At greater depths, lobsters, large crabs, octopuses, cuttlefish, starfish, eels and moray eels live.
Note for tourists: these types of sharks live here: dwarf shark, blue shark, and a great white shark is rarely found.
Endangered dolphins and monk seals can be seen in the Adriatic Sea.
Inside the sea are the Dalmatian Islands; there are many bays convenient for ships, the largest of which are called Manfredonia, Venetian and Trieste. It is convenient for navigation here and the fact that the bottom of the coast is located at a sufficient depth. The seashores are sandy or pebbly, so the resort areas are well developed here.
The Adriatic Sea is an ideal place for family and romantic holidays, which surprises with its beauty and diversity.
Where is the Adriatic Sea you can also see on the map: