Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia, second only to the "two capitals" - Moscow and St. Petersburg. Currently, the city is home to over 1, 600, 000 people. At the same time, the status of the city of Novonikolaevsk, as Novosibirsk was previously called, received only in 1903, and 59 years later, (September 2, 1962), a millionth inhabitant was born here.
11 interesting facts about the city of Novosibirsk
- In 1893, on the site of modern Novosibirsk, a settlement appeared, which was called Novaya Derevnya, here work began on the construction of a railway bridge across the Ob on the Trans-Siberian Railway under construction. The settlement changed its name more than once - from Novaya Derevnya it was renamed into the village of Aleksandrovsky, then - Novonikolaevsky. Since 1903, with the receipt of the status of the city, it was called Novonikolaevsk, and since 1926 - Novosibirsk. Over the past century, the population has grown 13 times. It is one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
- At the intersection of Novosibirsk streets Oleko Dundich and Novaya Zarya there is a modest "baby" named Stroyput street. Its length is only 40 meters, and there are only three buildings on it. It is officially recognized that Stroyput Street is the shortest in Russia.
- But the cake made by Novosibirsk confectioners in 2013 for the City Day, on the contrary, is recognized as the largest in Russia. The length of this unusual sweet gift was 90 meters 52 centimeters and weighs about 900 kilograms. 30 people worked on its preparation. But, in the world, this cake is not the largest; in 2007, confectioners from Peru baked a cake weighing 3 tons.
- In 1914, the construction of a chapel in the name of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker began in Novonikolaevsk (Novosibirsk). The solemn consecration took place on December 6. It was believed that this chapel is the geographical center of the Russian Empire. The landmark of the city was demolished in 1930, and restored only in 1993. It is interesting that at present the center of Russia is located in another place - in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This is due to the fact that the borders of the state have seriously changed.
- The winters in Novosibirsk are quite severe. For example, the average January temperature in the city is minus 17.7 degrees Celsius. And the lowest temperature was recorded here on January 9, 1915, on that day the thermometer dropped to minus 51.1 degrees. The hottest day in Novosibirsk was relatively recently, July 12, 2014, when the air warmed up to 41, 1 degrees.
- The Novosibirsk Metro is the easternmost in Russia. It was opened on January 7, 1986. Its construction lasted almost seven years; the first pile was driven in on May 12, 1979. At present, the total length of the metro (only two lines) is almost 16 kilometers and has 13 stations. More than 200, 000 residents of Novosibirsk and city guests use the subway every day.
- In the late twenties, the city began to be called "Siberian Chicago". Moreover, the first to call it that was not one of the foreign guests, but the People's Commissar of Education Anatoly Vasilyevich Lunacharsky, who was very surprised that Novosibirsk had turned from a "semi-village" into a huge city with a population of almost 200, 000 in a few years.
- In 2007, residents of Novosibirsk produced and signed a huge postcard, the length of which exceeded 250 meters, and the weight was about 120 kilograms. Anyone could leave their message on it. Moreover, both with a fountain pen and with a pencil or even lipstick. And when the entire postcard was completed, it was transferred to the Siberian Communications Museum for safekeeping.
- Novosibirsk is a sports city. It is simply impossible to list the names of all the athletes who were born here or defended the honor of the city at the most prestigious tournaments. But, one of the most titled is the legendary Greco-Roman wrestler Alexander Karelin, who won three times at the Olympic Games, 9 times at the world championships and 12 times at the European championships. For thirteen years, Karelin has not lost a single fight on a wrestling mat, for which he was entered in the Guinness Book of Records.
- During the Civil War, Admiral Kolchak spent two weeks in Novonikolaevsk. Local treasure hunters are sure that it is here that a significant part of the legendary "Kolchak's Gold" is hidden. It is difficult to say whether it is true or not, but the search continues even after 100 years.
- By the way, in 1924 in Novonikolaevsk the first feature film in Siberia was shot, which was called "Red Gas". The picture was dedicated to the struggle of the Red Army with the army of the "Supreme Commander-in-Chief" Kolchak. The film has not survived to our time, but in the twenties this picture was successfully shown on the screens of the country. The film was directed by Ivan Kalabukhov, and the young Sergei Eisenstein helped him to edit the film.