Rwanda is a small state in Central Africa with an area of just over 26, 000 square kilometers. Rwanda is landlocked. The name of the country comes from the ethnonym "Rwanda" - it is the most numerous people of all living in this state. The total population is about 12 million people, and the average life expectancy (just over 50 years) is one of the lowest in the world.
15 interesting facts about Rwanda
- Rwanda gained independence relatively recently, on July 1, 1962, earlier it belonged to Germany, and then Belgium. Now on July 1, the country celebrates a holiday - Independence Day. Since 1962, Rwanda has been a member of the United Nations.
- Tutsi people live in Rwanda, who, by the way, are considered the tallest people on earth. The average height of men is more than 190 centimeters, and of women - 175. By the decision of the UN General Assembly, April 7 was declared the International Day of Remembrance of the Tutsi Genocide in Rwanda. in 1994, after a military coup in the country, the Tutsis were declared enemies of the Hutu who came to power. As a result, hundreds of thousands of people died.
- Pygmies make up about one percent of Rwanda's population. They, unlike the Tutsis, are the smallest people on Earth. The average height of a pygmy is about 130 centimeters. "Pygmies", translated from Greek. means "people the size of a fist".
- About 90 percent of the working-age population is employed in agriculture, industry in the country is poorly developed, and almost no minerals are mined.
- Not surprisingly, Rwanda is one of the poorest countries in the world, with per capita income at only 168th place on the planet. More than half of the inhabitants are on the verge of poverty.
- Unlike most countries in Africa, Rwanda has no problem with fresh water and it rains regularly, allowing for multiple harvests per year.
- It is not for nothing that Rwanda is often called the "Land of Eternal Spring". One of the main crops is bananas. They are eaten by the Rwandans themselves, exported and even made from bananas into alcoholic beverages.
- The capital of Rwanda is Kigali, the only inhabited area in the country with more than 1 million inhabitants. This is a relatively young city, it was founded by the German colonial government in 1898 (according to other sources - in 1907). Kigali became a millionaire city in 2006. It is interesting that in the middle of the twentieth century the number of inhabitants did not exceed 6, 000.
- Lake Kivu is located on the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is believed that this is the only African lake in which crocodiles are not found. This is due to the high content of various gases in the water, in particular, methane. Kivu is one of the twenty deepest lakes in the world, its maximum depth reaches 480 meters. On the lake is the large island of Idgwie with an area of 285 square kilometers.
- In Rwanda, women are actively fighting for their rights. Ultimately, this led to the fact that there are more representatives of the "fairer sex" in the local parliament than men. Currently, there are three official parties in the country, and two more operate illegally.
- In Rwanda, there is no rail transport at all: no metro, trams, or even railways. The main transport is automobile. And in cities you can often find taxi drivers on motorcycles. There is an international airport not far from the city of Kigali.
- The use of cellophane bags is strictly prohibited in Rwanda and came into effect in 2008. Violators will face a substantial fine. Therefore, paper bags are common in Rwanda. Even tourists are not allowed to bring in cellophane-wrapped baggage. However, Rwanda is far from the most visited country by tourists.
- The few foreigners who have visited Rwanda are surprised that it is not customary to eat in public here. Accordingly, there are not many catering points. Locals prefer to eat at home. Vegetables and fruits predominate in the national cuisine, but meat and fish are much less common.
- There is only one television channel and one radio station in the country. They are state owned. Primary education in the country is compulsory and free. The first three years are taught in the language of the local peoples - Kinyarwanda. In the future, at the request of parents and students, you can choose English or French.
- Animals in the wild are not often found here; they have been preserved only in national parks. One of the most famous is Kagera National Park. Here you can meet elephants, gorillas, leopards. And in the north of the country mountain gorillas live, the mass of an adult male can reach 200 kilograms. Animal advocates say the gorilla population is at risk from poachers and the region's unstable political environment.