Lesotho is a very interesting country. The entire territory of this country is located at an altitude of over 1400 meters above sea level. And Lesotho is also an enclave state, as it is located inside another country - the Republic of South Africa. The total length of the borders between South Africa and Lesotho is just over 900 kilometers. Naturally, Lesotho has no outlet to the sea.
10 interesting facts about the state of Lesotho
- Snow is not common in much of Africa, but it is common in Lesotho. The reason is the highlands in which this country is located. Moreover, in some parts of the country the temperature in winter drops to minus 18 degrees Celsius. Lesotho is home to Maletsunyane Falls, the only African waterfall that freezes over in winter.
- This state gained independence from Great Britain not so long ago - on October 4, 1966. Before this event, it had a different name - Basutoland, being a British protectorate. Lesotho is now a constitutional monarchy with Letsie III as king. However, the power of the monarch is rather arbitrary, the college of leaders has the right to remove the king.
- The currency of Lesotho is the loti and the South African rand. At the same time, the loti is pegged at the rate to the rand in a 1: 1 ratio. Lesotho's banknotes are printed in the royal printers of Great Britain. In search of work, many residents of Lesotho leave for South Africa. And in Lesotho itself, most of the population is employed in agriculture. The main crops are corn and potatoes.
- On August 22, 2006, a 603 carat (120 grams) diamond was found at the Letsing mine. The giant was named "Hope Lesotho". It is the 15th largest diamond ever discovered on our planet. He was sent to the diamond capital of the world - the Belgian city of Antwerp. Lawrence Graff bought the diamond at auction for $ 12, 360, 000. The winner of the auction said that buying such a diamond is just a dream. Lawrence Graff ordered the purchase as follows: 26 diamonds were made from it and 35 specialists were involved in the work. Each of the 26 products is individually numbered, which can only be seen with a tenfold increase. It is estimated that the total value of the items is roughly double the amount that Graff spent at the auction.
- The runway at Matekane Airport in Lesotho is one of the creepiest in the world. Its length is only 400 meters, and it ends with an abyss, the depth of which is as much as 600 meters. Ten years ago, this strip was closed for international flights because of its danger, but small aircraft continue to use this "attraction".
- Unlike most African countries, which are populated by many tribes, in Lesotho more than 99 percent of the inhabitants belong to the same tribe, the Basuto. The largest city in Lesotho is Maseru, which is also the capital of the state. After the state gained independence, the population of Maseru began to grow rapidly. Over the past half century, the number of residents of the capital has increased from 28, 000 to 228, 000.
- The main clothing of the inhabitants of Lesotho is a woolen blanket that is thrown over the shoulders. It protects equally well both from cold and heat. The most common pattern on such a blanket is an ear of corn, because it is corn that occupies most of the country's farmland. And from footwear, rubber boots have become widespread.
- Lesotho can hardly be classified as one of the world's tourism centers, although in recent years the government has been trying to attract tourists to its country. Travelers have the opportunity to see with their own eyes the amazing nature of this African state. Tourists are welcome in Lesotho, but cameras and camcorders are treated with great suspicion here. Attempts to take pictures of local residents annoy them, and the police can make a remark.
- Athletes from Lesotho have regularly competed in the Summer Olympics since 1972. During all this time, they have never managed to get into the number of prize-winners. But in the Winter Olympics, the athletes of this country have never performed. The most famous football club in the country is Matlama. But all his successes are associated only with tournaments within the country. "Matlama" was the champion of Lesotho 9 times and won the national Cup 6 times.
- Despite the fact that Lesotho is far from the richest country on the planet, there is a very high literacy rate for Africa. It is 65 percent. This is primarily due to the fact that the country's government allocates about 12 percent of the total national income for education. Since 1945, the National University of Lesotho has been operating here, formerly the Pius XII Catholic University College.