The city of Taganrog is located in the Rostov region, 70 kilometers from the regional center. The date of its foundation is 1698. Here, by the decree of Tsar Peter the Great, a Russian naval base was built on the Sea of Azov. The city grew up on a promontory named Taganiy Rog, which gave it its name. Initially, the fort was called the Trinity Fortress, the construction was completed in 1705. Taganrog is sometimes called the elder brother of St. Petersburg.
11 interesting facts about Taganrog
- In 1709, Peter the Great visited Taganrog. The monarch liked the new fortress. The Italian Matvey Simont, who supervised the construction, received from the tsar a gold award medal with the inscription “For the cause of the harbor to Captain Matvey Simontov.” The cost of the award, for that time, was enormous, about 300 rubles, and while working on the construction of the fortress, the annual salary of an Italian engineer was 720 rubles.
- But the first settlements on the site of modern Taganrog appeared long before our era. Back in the 7th-6th centuries. BC e. a Greek settlement was located here, which was destroyed as a result of the raids of the nomads. Historians suggest that this settlement was called Kremny; Herodotus mentions it in his writings.
- The Taganrog underground is one of the main mysteries of the city. An extensive network of passages and galleries runs under it. Some researchers believe that they were dug during the construction of the fortress in the 17th-18th centuries, while others argue that the dungeons have a much more ancient history and were built in the era of Ancient Rome.
- In 1820, during a trip to the Caucasus, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin stayed in the city. Local residents were sure that it was here that the poet came up with his famous line: "Lukomorye has a green oak ...". There is no evidence of this fact, although Taganrog is indeed located on the cape. In 1880, a symbol tree was planted in the city, which was called "Pushkin's". True, it was not an oak, but a mulberry. The tree was burned by intruders already at the end of the 20th century.
- The link between Taganrog and Lukomorye is just a legend, but in one of his epitaphs, Pushkin mentioned this city. The lines were dedicated to the death of Emperor Alexander the First, who died on December 1, 1825 in Taganrog. According to another version, he secretly left for Siberia. Moreover, the emperor stayed at the house of the local mayor Papkov, where Pushkin had also visited several years before this event. The poet responded to the death of the emperor as follows: "I spent my whole life on the road, caught a cold and died in Taganrog."
- On January 29, 1860, the classic of world literature Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was born in Taganrog. Here he spent his childhood and youth. The father of the future writer, a merchant of the third guild, went bankrupt and fled from creditors to Moscow. Chekhov had to start earning his own living early on. No wonder he said: "As a child, I had no childhood." After graduating from high school in 1879, Anton went to Moscow and entered the medical faculty of Moscow University.
- The name of Chekhov is still inextricably linked with the city where he was born. The longest street in Taganrog bears his name. The house where he was born has survived, the Chekhovs Shop Museum and the Literary Museum named after him have been opened. They say that the most popular nickname for dogs in Taganrog is Kashtanka.
- In 2010, next to the Literary Museum. AP Chekhov was installed a sculptural composition "Man in a case", dedicated to the hero of the famous work of the writer. Did the "man in a case" have a real prototype, or is it just the author's fantasy? Who did not name the researchers of Chekhov's work. Some said that it was A.F.Dyakonov, inspector of the Taganrog gymnasium. Others were sure that the image of Belikov was copied from the publicist M.O. Menshikov. And they never came to a common point of view. It is believed that "a man in a case" is a collective image.
- In 1903, a monument to Peter the Great was erected in Taganrog by the famous sculptor Mark Matveyevich Antokolsky. The emperor is depicted in the officer's uniform of the Preobrazhensky regiment. By the way, Chekhov took an active part in this project, personally made a monetary contribution, convinced wealthy fellow countrymen to follow his example. In 1914, a smaller copy of this monument was installed in Arkhangelsk.
- In 1995, a banknote of 500, 000 rubles was put into circulation in Russia. This banknote depicts a monument in Arkhangelsk. The Taganrog administration tried to get the city to receive monetary compensation, since it is here that the original of the monument is located, which is an object of the cultural heritage of the Russian Federation.
- On November 7, 1932, on the day of the 15th anniversary of the October Revolution, the first tram passed through the streets of Taganrog. For a long time, trams were the main form of public transport in Taganrog. And eighty-one years later, in November 2013, the first issue of the newspaper "Tram Stories" was published in Taganrog. It came out in a small print run (999 copies), and was initially distributed in the city's public transport.