Namibia is a state located in the southwest of Africa. The country got its name from the Namib Desert, which occupies a significant part of the territory of the republic. But from the language of the local people it can be translated as "a place where there is nothing." Indeed, very little precipitation falls in this desert, therefore, it is practically uninhabited.
For a long time, Namibia was a colony of European states - Great Britain, and then Germany. During World War I, Namibia came under the rule of the Union of South Africa (now South Africa). Only in 1990 did Namibia gain independence. And the very name "Namibia" was given only in 1968. From 1890 to 1968 it was called Southwest Africa.
11 interesting facts about Namibia
- The population of Namibia is small - about 2, 500, 000 million people, despite the fact that the territory of this African state is more than 800, 000 square kilometers. It turns out that, on average, three people live on one square kilometer. Most of the population is concentrated in the north of the country.
- In 1997, biologist H. Schultz discovered the world's largest bacterium in coastal sediments off the coast of Namibia, with a diameter of 0.75 mm that can be seen even with the naked eye. The giant bacterium was named Thiomargarita namibiensis - "Namibian sulfur pearl".
- Namibia holds another world record. Not far from the town of Grootfontein is the Hoba meteorite, the largest of all that has been found on our planet. It fell to the surface of the Earth a long time ago, and was discovered in 1920. Every year thousands of tourists from all over the world come here to see the meteorite, which, when discovered, weighed about 66 tons. True, over the past century, he lost about 6 tons. To protect it from vandals, security measures had to be tightened and the meteorite declared a national monument.
- Kolmanskop is a ghost town located in the Namib Desert. It was built very quickly, and just as quickly it was left without a single inhabitant. It all started with the fact that in 1908 the railway worker Zacharius Leval discovered a diamond right on the surface of the sand. Hunters for diamonds rushed here, thanks to whom, a few years later, a city with all the infrastructure appeared in the desert - residential buildings, a hospital, a school. But, the reserves of diamonds quickly dried up, and the inhabitants left Kolmanskop amicably. In 1980, an open-air museum was established here. Tourists come to see the abandoned city.
- There are two dozen national parks and reserves in Namibia, they occupy one sixth of the country's territory. Thanks to this, it is possible to preserve many rare species of animals and plants. For example, the number of rhinos around the world is rapidly declining, while in Namibia, on the contrary, it is increasing.
- Athletes in Namibia have regularly competed in the Summer Olympics since 1992. Only one participant from this country managed to become an Olympic medalist, moreover, 4 times. Sprinter Frankie Fredericks won four silver medals in the 100 and 200 meters at the 1992 and 1996 Olympics.
- Vegetables are not cheap in Namibia, as the local land is far from the most fertile. But in the cuisine of Namibia there is a huge number of meat dishes, moreover, not only beef and lamb are used, but also crocodile, zebra, and antelope meat. The inhabitants of Namibia eat the eggs of almost all birds living in the country. A huge number of squid, oysters, mussels are caught in the coastal waters. Moreover, oysters from Namibia are highly valued around the world, as they are large in size and excellent taste.
- The bowels of Namibia are rich in minerals, diamonds, uranium, copper and gold are mined in the country. At the same time, 90 percent of the population lives on a modest amount, not exceeding $ 2 a day. Namibia ranks one of the first places in the world in terms of inequity in the distribution of income.
- Due to the hot climate, there are not many rivers in Namibia, moreover, the channels of most of them are filled with water only during the rainy season. During this period, they can flood up to half of the state's territory. The largest of the rivers flowing through the territory of Namibia is Orange. In the lower reaches, this river is the border between Namibia and the Republic of South Africa.
- The Swakop River flood in 2012 caused a small village in the northwest of the country to be literally taken over by hordes of very aggressive snakes. It turned out that the rapid water flow washed away the snakes from their habitats. And the superstitious villagers feared that a curse was imposed on them.
- In 2006, Hollywood celebrity couple Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie decided that their daughter should be born in Namibia. Parents named the newborn girl Shiloh. The Namibian authorities have made every effort to ensure the safety of the world stars. And Brad and Angelina donated two million dollars to one of the local nature reserves.