Interesting Facts »Cities and Countries» Interesting Facts about Peru
- The territory of the Republic of Peru is 1, 285, 216 square kilometers. According to this indicator, it is the third in South America, after Brazil and Argentina, and the nineteenth country in the world. And the number of inhabitants exceeds 32 million people.
- Lima, the capital of Peru, was founded by the Spanish in 1535. Initially, the city was called Ciudad de los Reyes, translated from Spanish as "the city of kings". Convenient geographical position allowed Lima to become one of the richest cities in South America. The current population of Lima is about 10 million people. It turns out that every third Peruvian lives in the capital.
- There are only two countries in Europe that Peruvians can enter without a visa. These are Russia and Turkey. A visa-free regime between Russia and Peru was established in 2011. The Russian diaspora in Peru is small and numbers about 1, 600 people.
- On the Independence Day of Peru (July 28), the Pisco Sour company is preparing an unusual gift for lovers of spirits - a fountain is installed in the center of Lima, from which grape vodka of 45 degrees is poured. Those who wish can drink absolutely free of charge. Vodka is called "pisco", in Peru they began to make it back in the 16th century.
- One can drink vodka from the fountain, of course, not only in Peru. But, in this country there is another national drink, which not everyone will dare to try. The recipe is quite simple: using a blender, mix the frog, aloe juice, bean stew and poppy root. The taste, of course, is dubious, but so
the drink is excellent for bronchitis, asthma and impotence.
- Peru's Independence Day is the main holiday in the country. Peru gained independence from Spain on July 28, 1821. The festive events begin early in the morning with the raising of the flag and the volleys of the cannons. All this is not limited to one day - July 29 is also a day off. It is a celebration of the Peruvian army and police.
- According to the laws of Peru, suffrage is compulsory in that country. If a voter who has reached the age of 18 does not come to the polling station, he will have to pay a fine. Young Peruvians receive a passport only after they vote in the first elections in their life.
- The University of San Marcos was founded in Lima in 1551 and is the oldest institution of higher education in Latin America. Its alumni include the writer Mario Vargas Llosa, the 2010 Nobel Prize winner in Literature. And the football club "Universitario" is the strongest in the country, it became the champion of Peru 26 times.
- Peru and Bolivia are the birthplace of the potato. It was from here that this root crop was brought to Europe in the 16th century, where at first it was treated with distrust, and then began to be called "the second bread". Interestingly, in Peru now, potatoes are not as popular as in the Old World. Peruvians prefer rice, which is included in a huge number of local dishes.
- Earthquakes are common in Peru, as virtually the entire country is located in a seismic zone. And the most destructive earthquake occurred on May 31, 1970. According to official figures, the number of victims was 100, 000. Another 350, 000 people were seriously injured, and several cities were destroyed.
- On January 10, 1962, the small Peruvian town of Ranrairca was wiped off the face of the Earth by a powerful avalanche that fell from the top of Mount Nevado Huascaran. The total volume of the avalanche reached 10 million cubic meters. About 4, 000 people were buried under this mass. In addition to Ranrairka, several neighboring villages were destroyed. The avalanche was rapidly rushing down at a speed of about 170 kilometers per hour.
- In the Amazon jungle, on the border of Peru and Brazil, there are tribes of hermit Indians who are completely unfamiliar with modern civilization. It was possible to find them only with the help of a drone. Scientists do not even know what language they speak. The governments of both Peru and Brazil are careful not to disseminate information about the exact location of these tribes so that their unique culture can be preserved.
- In the Andes, near the Bolivian border, lies the interesting town of Li Riconada. It is located 5, 100 meters above sea level and is the highest city in the world. The richest reserves of gold ore are located here. Workers in the mines work for free, but monthly, on payday, they can take as much ore as they can carry. At the same time, there may be no gold in it at all.
- Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in Peru. The women's national team of this country was the silver medalist of the 1988 Olympic Games, won the South American championships 12 times. But, there are also such athletes in Peru who are more attracted to winter sports. Skier Roberto Carselen took part in the Olympic Games and World Championships several times. True, the results are rather modest: the best result at the Olympics is 87th, and at the world championships - 122nd.
- A monument to a dish called ceviche has been erected in Lima. Ceviche is prepared from finely chopped fish, which is marinated in lime juice, then red onions are added. In some regions of Peru, changes are made to the dish, for example, shrimp or oysters are used instead of fish. And onions are replaced with celery or cilantro.
- The majority of the population of Peru is by no means rich. But, the level of literacy can be envied by more developed countries - 95%. This was achieved thanks to the fact that the government made primary and secondary education free of charge. Even children from the poorest families were able to study.
- Takanakui is celebrated in Peru at the end of December. At this time, you can throw out all the grievances that have accumulated over the year, challenging the enemy to a fist fight. Moreover, not only men, but also women and even children participate in hand-to-hand fights. The rules forbid biting, grabbing by the hair and hitting a lying opponent. The Fist Fighter Festival ends with ritual dances. Peruvians believe this is a great way to sort things out without breaking the law.