In one of the famous TV programs, Chelyabinsk is stubbornly called the most severe city in Russia. Perhaps it is so. But Chelyabinsk is not only a harsh, but also a very interesting city. Here are just a few facts about him.
- Residents of Chelyabinsk can freely walk from Siberia to the Urals and back. The fact is that the Miass River divides the city into two halves, one of which is located in Siberia, and the other in the Urals. It is enough to cross the Leningradsky Bridge, and we can assume that the journey has taken place.
- By the decree of Emperor Nicholas I, the title of Honorary Citizen of Chelyabinsk was established. Local merchant Vasily Kolbin became the first Chelyabinsk citizen who was awarded such an honor. In the USSR, a similar title was revived only 50 years later - on September 8, 1967. In November, the old revolutionary Ivan Stepanovich Belostotsky became the first honorary citizen of Soviet Chelyabinsk.
- Before the start of the Great Patriotic War, the population of the city was less than 300, 000 inhabitants. For several years it has increased two and a half times. More than 200 enterprises were evacuated here, dozens of hospitals were opened. The Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant began mass production of tanks, as a result of which the city received the unofficial name Tankograd.
- Currently, the population of Chelyabinsk is more than 1 200 000 people. On October 13, 1976, a significant event took place in the history of the city - Kostya Yakovlev was born, who became the jubilee, millionth resident of Chelyabinsk. In terms of the number of inhabitants, Chelyabinsk takes the 7th place in Russia, slightly behind Kazan and slightly ahead of Omsk.
- By the way, Kazan and Omsk are twin cities of Chelyabinsk. And also Ufa. In addition to them, this list includes six foreign cities: Colombia (USA), Nottinghamshire (UK), Ramla (Israel), Urumqi and Harbin (China) and the capital of the Dominican Republic - the city of Santo Domingo.
- It was in Chelyabinsk that they began to successfully fight anthrax for the first time. The doctor Semyon Andrievsky with his assistant Vasilin Zhukovsky in 1786 began to find out the causes of this disease and look for ways of treatment. Semyon Andrievsky took a huge risk - he infected himself with anthrax. Andrievsky managed not only to survive, but also to find a way of treatment.
- Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, being the leader of the Soviet Union, was not in Chelyabinsk. He had a chance to visit here much earlier, at the beginning of the twentieth century. Young revolutionary Joseph Dzhugashvili was sent into exile in Siberia, on the way to the place of serving his sentence, he spent several days in the Chelyabinsk prison.
- In the thirties of the last century, Chelyabinsk could have been renamed Kaganovichgrad. In honor of Lazar Kaganovich, People's Commissar of Railways and Heavy Industry. But Stalin did not sign the relevant documents, and Chelyabinsk retained its historical name.
- On February 15, 2013, a meteorite hit Chelyabinsk with a diameter of about 17 meters and a weight of 10, 000 tons. Dozens of people were hospitalized. Most of them suffered from broken glass.