Hearing the word "Prostokvashino", most of us immediately recall the famous Soviet cartoon. But, such a village really exists in the Nizhny Novgorod region. Local historians claim that it was founded in the eighteenth century. According to legend, the village got its name after one of the local housewives spilled a tub of milk, which quickly soured in the heat. Currently, there are practically no residents in Prostokvashino.
But, after the release of the cartoon on the screens of the country, microdistricts or summer cottages, unofficially called Prostokvashino, appeared in many cities. For example, in Penza, Taganrog, Cherepovets.
If there is anyone who wants to write a letter to the real village of Prostokvashino, then its exact address is as follows: 606970, Nizhny Novgorod region, Toninsky district, the village of Prostokvashino.
In 2016, the village was visited by journalists from the weekly "Argumenty i Fakty". According to them, only one dog remained in the village. True, his name is not Sharik, but Bobik. But there is no postman Pechkin in Prostokvashino. Mail is delivered from the district center and placed in a single mailbox for the whole village, from where the residents pick up newspapers and letters.
But the story of the fantastic village of Prostokvashino, where Uncle Fyodor went to live, Eduard Uspensky began to compose back in 1967, when he worked in a pioneer camp. In 1974, his book "Uncle Fyodor, the Dog and the Cat" was published, and soon Soviet children followed with delight the adventures of the cartoon characters based on this book. In 1975, the cartoon "Uncle Fedor, Dog and Cat" was released, then - "Three from Prostokvashino", "Vacation in Prostokvashino", "Winter in Prostokvashino" and "Spring in Prostokvashino".
Even while working in the pioneer camp, Eduard Uspensky told the children about the village of Prostokvashino he had invented and its inhabitants. The stories became so popular that the little ones were looking forward to the evening to hear the sequel.
In the book of Eduard Uspensky, postman Pechkin signed his letter as follows: "Postman of the village of Prostokvashino, Mozhaisky district." There are more than 300 settlements in the Mozhaisky district of the Moscow region, but there is not one with the name Prostokvashino.
The cartoon characters speak with the voices of famous actors. So, for example, Uncle Fedor was voiced by the Honored Artist of the RSFSR Maria Vinogradova, Matroskin spoke in the voice of Oleg Tabakov, and Sharik was voiced by Lev Durov. Uncle Fedor's parents were voiced by German Kachin and Valentina Talyzin. And Boris Novikov got the role of the postman Pechkin.
Matroskin, according to Uspensky's plan, had a completely different surname - Taraskin. This was the name of the editor-in-chief of the "Fitil" newsreel Anatoly Taraskin, a friend of Eduard Uspensky. But, he thought that it would be too caricatured and persuaded to give the cat a different name.
In 2002, an agreement was reached between the Unimilk company and the writer Eduard Uspensky on the use of characters from Prostokvashino in advertising and design of their products. A few years later, this brand became the most popular in Russia among milk and dairy products producers.