Between the huge states, China and India, there is a small mountainous country - Nepal. However, the state is no less interesting than its neighbors - the giants.
Of the 14 peaks of the world, whose height is more than 8, 000 meters, 8 are located in Nepal. It is not surprising that the country attracts mountain climbing enthusiasts from all over the world. Only climbing Mount Machapuchare is prohibited - it is considered sacred. According to the Nepalese, Shiva himself sits on the top of this mountain and smokes a pipe. They call the clouds above the summit tobacco smoke from this very pipe.
40 percent of the territory of this highland country is located at an altitude of more than 3, 000 meters above sea level.
Despite the fact that the country has an acute shortage of land, 18 percent of the territory is allocated for national parks and reserves.
In Nepal, as in neighboring India, the cow is considered a sacred animal, the meat of which cannot be eaten. However, in this country, a significant part of the population are generally vegetarians, and the most popular meat is goat meat.
Most of the streets in Nepal do not have names, so finding the house you want will be very difficult.
Hydroelectric power plants are the main producers of electricity in the country. Therefore, in the dry season, when rains are rare, the rivers begin to shallow and electricity problems begin in Nepal. Despite the shortage of electricity, the Internet is quite common in the country.
In Nepal, it is considered unacceptable to pat someone else's child on the head. It is believed to be a sacred body part that only parents and monks can touch.
The Nepali time difference with Greenwich is not quite usual. It is 5 hours 45 minutes.
Durbar Square, located in the city of Kathmandu, is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, there are more than 20 temples and palaces on it. By the way, the Nepalese themselves visit local attractions for free or for a symbolic amount. But foreign tourists have to fork out.
Modern urbanization has little affected this country: about 14% of the population of Nepal live in cities. This is one of the lowest rates in the world.
More recently, Nepal was a monarchy. But since 2006 it has been the Federal Democratic Republic.
A significant proportion of Nepalese men work as porters. These are the movers who carry the heavy luggage of tourists and climbers. Nepalese have enviable strength and endurance that Europeans can only dream of. The average porter earns $ 10 a day. By local standards, this is very serious money.
In the capital of the country, Kathmandu, there is an unusual bar called Rum Doodle. A person who has conquered Everest, the highest peak of the planet, and has presented the appropriate certificate, can eat here absolutely free.