Oil Rocks: a city on the high seas

Oil Rocks is a city on the high seas, founded in the late 1940s, which has no analogues on the planet.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the oil capital of the Russian Empire was Baku; about 50% of the world's oil and 90% of the country's oil were extracted here. As the reserves in the vicinity of Baku were depleted, the question of the development of new deposits became more and more acute for the Soviet government. The cardinal decision was made soon after the end of the Second World War - to look for oil in the sea.

On the Caspian Sea, there was a place that local fishermen called Black stones, about a hundred kilometers from the coast of the Absheron peninsula. These were rocks that barely protruded above the surface of the water. In 1948, a geological exploration group was sent to the black stones, headed by the Minister of the Oil Industry, Nikolai Konstantinovich Baibakov. The conclusion was unambiguous - there is oil.

The depth of the sea at the black stones was only 20 meters, so it was decided to build a base on the high seas. The old ship "Chvanov" served as a bridgehead, which at the same time served as a haven for drillers. The first well on Black Rocks was launched a year later, after which this place was immediately named Oil Rocks.

Six months later, six more were added to the first ship. This is how the center of the future village was formed - "the island of seven ships", the ships were connected by metal bridges and the first houses were built on. A total of 16 houses were built on two floors, a library, a canteen, a first-aid post and two power plants. As the number of boreholes increased, the construction of residential houses for drillers and multi-kilometer bridges along which trucks were already moving calmly began to develop more and more actively. At the moment, the length of the streets of this town is 350 kilometers.

At that time, about 5, 000 people worked at Oil Rocks, whose life was brightened up by a cinema, a bakery, a lemonade workshop and even a recreation park built a little later. Artists here, too, were not uncommon, who flew in to raise the morale of the drillers.

Serious changes in the village began after the arrival of Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev in 1960, to whom workers complained about wooden houses that looked more like ordinary barracks. Nikita Sergeevich immediately ordered the construction of new modern housing. 10 years later, Oil Rocks numbered 2 nine-story and 3 five-story dormitories.

Currently, the village continues to develop, overgrowing with new modern buildings, a number of memorials, monuments, a museum, a football field and the pride of Oil Rocks - the Tea House, which is very popular with the local population, has appeared, because there is a dry law in the village.

According to geologists, with today's production volumes, there will be enough oil in the Oil Rocks deposits for the next decade. It is not known what will happen when the oil runs out, but in any case, the Oil Rocks will remain a monument to the fact that man once again bridled nature by building a whole city on the high seas.