Berlin is a modern European metropolis, combining both features of the Middle Ages and old buildings, such as St. Mary's Church, Berlin Cathedral, Opera House, Brandenburg Gate, Red City Hall, Bellevue Palace and modern architectural complexes.
Until November 9, 1989, Berlin was divided into West and East by a 160-kilometer Berlin Wall. In the entire history of its existence, 1245 people have been killed while trying to cross it. After the fall of the wall - its fragments - became historical exhibits, and 650 shepherd dogs guarding the wall were sold, artists from all over the world left their drawings on the preserved sections of the wall.
Berlin is 9 times larger in area than Paris (892 square kilometers) and is ahead of one of the largest American cities - New York. In terms of population, Berlin is in second place. yielding to London. It's funny, there are 117 more settlements in the world that bear the name Berlin.
Berlin is located on the banks of two rivers, the Spree and the Havel, and therefore it is surrounded and crossed by 1, 700 bridges, which is even more than in Venice. 180 kilometers of waterways make it possible to travel around Berlin by boat. Curiously, Berlin is often called "Spree Athen", which translates as "Athens on the Spree".
The 368-meter television tower in Berlin Berliner Fernzehturn is the tallest structure in Germany and one of the tallest structures in Europe.
Berlin is truly a multicultural metropolis. 3.5 million inhabitants includes 470, 000 residents belonging to 184 nationalities. The most interesting thing is that Berlin has the largest Turkish diaspora, that is, most of the Turks (outside Turkey) live in Berlin.
There are 175 museums in Berlin. They joke that the number of museums in Berlin is more than the number of rainy days a year. In one of the historical museums in Berlin, you can see a unique exhibit - Napoleon's headdress, which he lost during the Battle of Waterloo.
Interestingly, apartments and apartments in Berlin are not numbered. They are assigned the owner's name and this name and serves to identify the dwelling.
In Berlin pharmacies, along with the purchase, they give free paper sanitary napkins. Interestingly, the first public toilets appeared in Berlin in 1878 and they were called "Caf Achteck", as they were mainly intended to get rid of drunk coffee.
Interestingly, there are no ticket restrictions when entering and exiting public transport, that is, the system is designed for conscientious passengers who purchase a ticket at the station for the trip in advance. Of course, the availability of tickets is periodically monitored, but the system itself assumes voluntary compliance with the rules - which is what Berliners themselves are proud of. By the way, regarding the transport system, we can add that the first traffic light in Europe was set in motion in Berlin and this happened in 1924.
For chocolate lovers, it will be interesting to know that Berlin is home to the world's largest chocolate house, the Schokoladenhaus Fassbender & Rausch, where you can taste the chocolate Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag and even the Titanic.
A curious paradox is that despite the fact that the Germans themselves consider Berlin to be the most polluted city in Germany, it is called a green city, since the total area of green parks, squares and recreation areas is 5, 500 hectares, and together with the lakes and canals of the city, this is 30% of the urban area.