Interesting facts »Plants» Interesting facts about cotton
- Back in the 5th century BC, the famous ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that in India there are trees on which wool grows, superior in quality to sheep. Indians make their own clothes from this wool. Naturally, it was about cotton. And today India is one of the world's largest cotton producers. Moreover, they began to cultivate it here about 7, 000 years ago.
- Cotton is the most popular natural raw material for clothing. Until the 18th century, cotton fabric was made by hand. But that all changed in 1738, when the Englishmen John Wyatt and Lewis Paul became the holders of the patent for the spinning machine. Soon the city of Manchester became the center for processing cotton. India could no longer cope with the supply of raw materials, extensive cotton plantations appear in the United States.
- Cotton is not only used for fabrics; its scope is much wider. It is also used in the manufacture of medical cotton wool, cotton soap, photographic film, explosives, and many other products. But, the most interesting thing is that banknotes, which we habitually call paper, are mostly made of cotton. Therefore, they can be easily scrolled in the washing machine.
- Cotton plants are very demanding on water, which is needed in large quantities throughout the plant's life, from seed germination to full maturity. This was one of the main reasons for the sharp drop in the water level in the Aral Sea. The main replenishment of this sea came from two rivers - the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya. Intensive irrigation of fields has led to the fact that the flow of water into the Aral Sea has significantly decreased, precipitation and underground sources cannot compensate for these losses.
- The image of cotton can be seen on the coats of arms of many countries of the world: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Indonesia, Angola and others. This indicates how important is the role of cotton exports in the economy of these states. All over the world, cotton is cultivated in about 80 countries on all continents, except, of course, Antarctica.
- But in the city of Enterprise (Alabama), on the contrary, there is a monument to the weevil beetle, which in 1915 destroyed all local cotton crops. Residents claim that this gave an incentive to start growing other crops and get rid of the cotton "addiction".
- Tursunali Matkazimov, a schoolboy from Tajikistan, became one of the youngest Heroes of Socialist Labor in the USSR. He received this title in 1948 at the age of 15. The schoolchildren received a plot of land to grow cotton. Crops, due to a sharp cold snap, were under threat of death. Tursunali invited his classmates to fight for the harvest, for several days in a row, schoolchildren burned fires, most of the cotton plantation was saved.
- In the 19th century, the famous Russian industrialist Savva Morozov took up the industrial cultivation of cotton. He subscribed to seeds from the United States and sent them to Central Asia and the Caucasus. By the way, cotton fabric in Russia was called "paper", therefore, it was widespread, for example, such an expression as "paper handkerchief". But the first mentions of cotton in Russian documents date back to the 15th century - the time of the reign of Ivan III.