The baobab (lat.Adansonia digitata) is a tree growing in the African savannas. The baobab tree is one of the thickest trees in the world - with an average height of 18-25 m, its trunk circumference is about 10 meters. The largest specimens of these types of trees reach up to 40-50 meters in girth. According to various estimates, the life expectancy of baobabs ranges from 1000 years to 5500 thousand years. Such a big difference is explained by the absence of tree rings, which can be used to reliably calculate the age of the tree.
All parts of the baobab are currently very actively used by humans.
The pulp of the baobab fruit has a huge nutritional value, contains a wide range of amino acids, vitamins, micro- and macroelements, natural acids. Baobab leaves, seeds and fruits have medicinal properties. The high-quality dietary fiber of the fruit is of particular value. The inhabitants of the savannah call the baobab "the tree of life."
The unique properties of baobab have caused a sharp rise in its popularity in Europe and the United States in recent years as a food ingredient and a variety of dietary supplements.
The baobab is a unique tree. Its huge trunk, swollen like a barrel, is capable of storing water in the rainy season. It is not afraid of anything, not even sandstorms, since its huge roots are well anchored in the soil. During the dry season, its leaves turn yellow, the tree seems to be shrinking and going through an unfavorable time, slowing down its vital activity. Even termites cannot damage the baobab wood - it is saturated with moisture like a sponge.
Baobabs are of great benefit to people. Leaves are eaten as a seasoning, ropes are twisted from the bark, baskets and hammocks are weaved, fruits are valued for their delicious pulp. Monkeys also love to feast on the fruits of the baobab.
The trunk of the old baobab is full of niches in which birds take refuge, fleeing sandstorms or predators. If a fire breaks out in the savannah, the baobab does not burn, since its wood is saturated with water, and can serve as a refuge for snakes and other small rodents.