The father of botany Theophrastus (371-286 BC) was the first to classify plants and named the rose - Centifolia (one hundred petals).
The oldest roses are over 1000 years old. They grow on the wall of Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany, and the first mention of these roses dates back to 815. According to legend, the rosebush symbolizes the prosperity of the city of Hildesheim, as long as it is alive. An interesting fact, in 1945 allied bombers destroyed the cathedral, but the bush survived. Its roots remained intact under the rubble, and soon the roses grew again.
Interestingly, the Roman emperor Nero liked to shower his guests with fresh rose petals.
In the Middle Ages, wealthy ladies filled baths with rose petals.
The early Christians saw a parallel between the five petals of the Holy Rose and the five wounds of Christ. The red rose meant the blood of Christ, and the white rose was the symbol of the Virgin Mary.
In the 17th century, French explorer Samuel de Champlain brought roses to North America.
The largest rose bush in the world is located in the United States, Arizona. From one trunk, almost 2 meters in diameter, it covers a gazebo with an area of 8 square meters with roses.
The largest private rose garden in the world is located in Italy, and has over 7, 500 different varieties of roses.
The rose hip is a wild variety of the rose. An interesting fact, its fruits contain more vitamin C than lemon.
Interestingly, Rose Oil began to be used in medicine to mask an unpleasant odor. It was only much later that the healing properties of rose oil were discovered.
Today, 150 million roses are bought worldwide every year.