Interesting facts "Buildings" Interesting facts about the Ostankino TV tower
- Once on the site of the modern Ostankino district of Moscow there was a village, the first information about which dates back to 1558. Then it was the village of Ostashkovo, which belonged to the Duma clerk Vasily Yakovlevich Shchelkanov. In the 19th century, Ostankino became one of the favorite summer cottages for Moscow residents, and in 1917 the village became part of the city. Currently, over 60, 000 people live on the territory of the Ostankino district of Moscow.
- Before the commissioning of the Ostankino television tower, the Moscow television center was located on Shabolovka. The Shukhov Tower made it possible to broadcast to Moscow and the Moscow Region, but on the scale of a huge country its capacity was clearly insufficient, therefore, in 1955, the Council of Ministers of the USSR decided to start construction of a new transmitting television center.
The best project was recognized as the work of the Soviet architect Nikolai Vasilyevich Nikitin, who proposed to make the tower from reinforced concrete, not metal structures. By the way, construction work began in the summer of 1960, although the project was officially approved only three years later. The final height of the tower was 540 meters, which is 215 meters higher than the famous Eiffel tower in Paris.
As the architect Nikitin himself recalled, he was able to develop the idea of the future tower in just one night. His design differed from other similar proposals in that the tower should be built of reinforced concrete, not metal structures. Nikitin took as a basis the project of a concrete tower in Stuttgart, Germany, the construction of which was completed in 1956. By the way, the author of the Stuttgart Tower project, Fritz Leonardt, proposed increasing the number of tower supports in Ostankino from 4 to 10. This proposal was taken into account in the final design. In 1970, the group of authors was awarded the Lenin Prize.
- The opening of the Ostankino TV tower was planned to take place in November 1967 - at the time when the country will celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Great October Revolution. But reality has made its own adjustments, the work was not completed in full by the deadline. Therefore, the "Solomon's decision" was made - on November 4, 1967, the first signal went from the tower, the next day an act of completion was signed, and the restaurant and observation deck were opened later - in 1969.
- The Seventh Heaven Restaurant quickly became one of the landmarks of the Soviet Union, although not all residents of the country could visit it. The prices in it, as well as the height (330 meters), were exorbitant. It was the first revolving restaurant in the USSR; in one hour, the establishment made from 1 to 3 full revolutions. Sitting at one table, visitors could admire the panorama of the entire city. In the entire history of the Ostankino TV tower, about 10 million people have visited the Seventh Heaven restaurant.
- There are three observation platforms at the Ostankino TV tower, the highest of which is located at an altitude of 337 meters. You can get here with the help of high-speed elevators, which overcome 7 meters in one second. In 1997, a glass floor was installed on the observation deck. Currently, the number of one excursion group, for security reasons, cannot exceed 20 people.
- At the time of its construction, the Ostankino TV Tower was the tallest building in the world. It is currently ranked 14th. At the same time, the tower retains the title of the tallest structure not only in Russia, but also in Europe. The largest skyscraper in the world, Burj Khalifa, is located in Dubai. It was built in 2010 and consists of 163 floors with a total height of 829 meters.
- A terrible tragedy occurred at the TV tower on August 27, 2000. Due to overvoltage, cables flashed, fire quickly spread throughout the barrel of the tower. The structure was badly damaged. During the rescue operations, three people were killed. The tour service was discontinued for a full nine years. The completely destroyed restaurant resumed its work only in 2016.
- Not all visitors want to use elevators. Speed racing competitions have been held for many years. The participants had to climb 11704 steps along a narrow spiral staircase. Record achievement - 11 minutes 57 seconds. After the fire at the Ostankino TV tower, the competitions were stopped, and began to revive only in recent years. The races are attended not only by Russian, but also by foreign athletes.
- During the construction of the Ostankino tower, special attention was paid to protection from natural disasters. It is able to withstand wind gusts up to 42 meters per second without any problems. In addition, the tower, as the tallest building in the capital, often becomes a target for lightning. It takes up to 50 strokes annually, being the largest lightning rod. A whole protection system has been developed for the safety of the skyscraper.