The official residence of the President of the United States of America was officially called the White House on October 12, 1901, after Theodore Roosevelt signed the corresponding document. Before that, the residence was called by different names: "Presidential Palace", "Presidential House", or even "Presidential Mansion". Although, even in the first half of the 19th century, some called him "White Chamber".
The construction of the building was completed on November 1, 1800, soon after US President John Adams moved in. Thus, only the first president of the country, George Washington, who held this post in 1789-1797, could not work in the White House. The reason was good - the construction was not yet completed at that time. At the same time, Washington took an active part in the development of the White House plan.
Immediately after the completion of construction, the building simply could not be called the White House, as it was built of gray sandstone. In 1814, the house was burned down by the British and had to be overhauled. It was at this time that it was painted white.
Now the White House is not striking in its size, its height is rather modest - just over 21 meters. But, until the sixties of the nineteenth century, it was the largest building in the United States. It has 132 rooms, 147 windows, 412 doors, 8 stairs, 3 elevators and as many as 35 bathrooms.
Anyone with American citizenship can visit the White House. True, the size of the group must be at least 10 people. Those who wish have to sign up in the queue for six months in advance. It is more difficult for foreigners to do this, but many travel agencies are ready to offer such a service for a certain amount.
Each president of the country, having taken office, has the right to make a reshuffle in the White House to his liking. For example, an indoor pool was installed for Franklin Roosevelt, whose legs were paralyzed after suffering polio. Dwight David Eisenhower was given an artificial turf, and Bill Clinton preferred to fight overweight with a treadmill.
Only two substitutions are not permitted: Abraham Lincoln's bed and his desk. True, they say that Lincoln never spent the night on this "untouchable" bed.
The second and third floors of the White House are intended for the President of the United States and his family. Accommodation is not charged, but the cost of food, for example, has to be paid. Upon completion of his term, the former president leaves his luxurious apartment in the White House, retaining the right to a lifetime pension.
In 1891, electricity appeared in the White House. The President of the country Benjamin Harrison could not get used to this innovation for a long time, he was even afraid to turn on the light personally. This honorable duty was entrusted to “specially trained people”. In 1926, the first refrigerator appeared in the residence, and in 1933 air conditioners were installed.
By 1948, the building was so dilapidated that Harry Truman was forced to undertake a major renovation. And the president himself, along with his family, had to live for four whole years in another house on Pennsylvania Avenue. The Trumans entered the renovated White House only in March 1952.