Interesting facts about stationery

A monument to a pencil sharpener is erected in the German city of Stein. The place for this unusual monument was not chosen by chance - here in 1761 the Faber-Castell company was founded, which today is one of the world leaders in the production of stationery.

It is this company that produces the most expensive pencils in the world. And the name of the pencils of this series is appropriate - Perfect Pencil, which means “perfect”. Each such stationery masterpiece is made of olive wood, which is 240 years old. The extension and tip are made of palladium and gold. In addition, each pencil is adorned with three diamonds. The batch is released in a limited edition - 99 pieces. Cost - over $ 12, 000 per piece.

Until the second half of the 19th century, people used a variety of methods in order to remove errors in text that was written in pencil. For these purposes, pieces of wax, pumice stone or bread crumb were used. Their work in 1770 was facilitated by the English inventor Joseph Priestley, who made the world's first eraser, with which it was possible to easily delete text or correct an error.

And in 1858, American Hyman Lipman went even further - he guessed to attach an eraser to the end of a pencil. Thus, the eraser was always at hand.

For more than a thousand years, one of the main writing devices has been the quill pen. It has a hollow shaft and a voluminous base, making the pen comfortable to hold in your hand. Cutting the tip of the nib at a certain angle helps the ink absorb well, which means less frequent dipping of the nib in the inkwell.

Sharpening the pen correctly was an art. It is hard to believe, but Russia until the end of the 19th century was the largest exporter of quills for writing. Up to 27 million pieces were sent to England alone every year.

Nibs have now replaced ballpoint pens. Which, by the way, are not only useful, but also dangerous - about 100 people die every year in the world who choked on a cap from an ordinary pen

In the city of Miass, Chelyabinsk region, there is an unusual park, which houses the world's largest stationery. The monuments are striking in their size: for example, the diameter of the pushpin is 2 meters, the compasses are 4 meters high, and a paper clip of 9 meters rises above this entire collection.

and 28 centimeters.

The pushpin was invented at the beginning of the twentieth century by the poor German watchmaker Johann Kirsten. But for some reason he did not dare to patent his idea, but sold it to the merchant brothers Otto and Paul Lindstedt. It was Paul who filed a patent in his name in 1904. And soon he became a millionaire. But the watchmaker was never able to get rich.

In 1776, the United States of America declared its independence from Great Britain. To commemorate this event, Visconti produced a batch of fountain pens bearing the Declaration of Independence. The font is so small that it is impossible to read it with the naked eye. Therefore, manufacturers have added a magnifying glass to the kit.

In Ancient Russia, birch bark was used as a "notebook". They wrote on it with a sharpened stick, which was called that - wrote. At present, in Veliky Novgorod alone, archaeologists have discovered more than 1, 000 birch bark letters.