In the Yaroslavl region there is a small town with an interesting name - Myshkin. The history of the name of this city is very interesting, however, the city itself is no less interesting, the population of which is less than 6, 000 people. Suffice it to say that it houses the world's only Mouse Museum.
Of several versions of the origin of the unusual name of the city, the local population likes one most of all - in the distant 16th century, Prince Fyodor Mikhailovich Mstislavsky traveled to these places. The prince decided to make a halt on the banks of the Volga. Fyodor Mikhailovich dozed off, but soon woke up from the fact that a mouse ran over him. He was terribly angry, but suddenly he saw that not far from him was a poisonous snake. It turns out that the mouse saved his life.
In gratitude, the prince ordered to lay the city on this place and give it the name Myshkin. There is, however, a more prosaic version of the name - from the nickname of one of the pioneers. But, the legend of the salvation of Mstislavsky, you see, is more attractive.
In 1777, the settlement received the status of a city. In the era of the USSR, Myshkin lost this status, but, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts, he received it again in 1991. It is interesting that this proposal was supported by many famous people. For example, Bulat Shalvovich Okudzhava and Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev.
And in 1966, local ethnographers decided to organize in their city an unusual museum dedicated to the mouse. It took several years to put in order the building allocated for this - the dilapidated church of the icon of the Mother of God of all who grieve, Joy.
For many years the museum was visited by a few tourists and schoolchildren from nearby villages and pioneer camps. Over time, the museum managed to move to a more adapted building - the former warehouse of the merchant Kalyukin.
Now in the funds of the museum there are thousands of various figurines of mice - made of wood, metal, glass and other materials. The number of exhibits is constantly growing, including due to gifts from tourists arriving in Myshkin from different countries of the world. Every visitor must visit the office of the Mouse King, where he is presented with an original document - a memorable ticket to the world's only Mouse Museum.
The city even presents "mouse" awards. For example, in 2005, Myshkin was awarded the Order of the Mouse for merits in the development of Myshkin. The award has four degrees, a mouse is depicted in the center, and the inscription "Great in small" around the circumference. Among the recipients of the order are the world's first woman-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova and conductor Yuri Bashmet.
And since 2012, scientists, art and culture workers have been awarded the Golden Mouse Prize, or, as it is also called, the Mouse Oscar. There is an indispensable condition - candidates for this award must make a significant contribution to the popularization of mice.
Among the awardees is the writer Yekaterina Vladimirovna Kashirskaya - the author of the publishing project “Walking into History”. The heroes of the works, mice Timka and Tinka, who live in the State Historical Museum, make magical journeys through different eras.