Ink, as stated in dictionaries, is a colored liquid that is used for writing, drawing or printing. The oldest ink was discovered by archaeologists in Egypt. The Egyptians made them from the ash of papyrus roots, which was mixed with a gum solution - the sticky juice of a cherry or acacia. This mixture had a significant drawback, over time it dried out and fell off the paper.
12 Interesting Facts About Ink
- In Ancient Greece and Rome, commoners were strictly forbidden to write with red ink; only rulers could use them. The composition included cinnabar and purple. But black ink was made from more affordable raw materials: grapevine, charcoal and fruit seeds. Moreover, there were a lot of ink recipes.
- Round growths called galls can often be seen on oak leaves. These are pathological formations that can be caused by various viruses, bacteria or insect bite marks. Our ancestors used galls to prepare ink: they were infused in kvass or vinegar in a warm place, iron filings and cherry resin were added to the solution. Such ink was popular throughout Europe; in the manuscript of the writer and theologian Simeon of Polotsk, a recipe for their production, dated 1659, has been preserved. This ink was called "iron".
- Boiled inks were more readily available, albeit of lower quality. They included a variety of ingredients: oak bark, buckthorn berry juice and even mushrooms called koprinus. As they age, they form a watery ink mass. To give such ink more durability, "iron" was added to them.
- All the classics of Russian literature of the 19th century used the ink made of "oak nuts". Including Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin. One of the poems of the great poet is called "To my inkwell". It begins with the words: "Friend of idle thought, my inkwell."
- In the late nineteenth century, inkwells began to be replaced by typewriters. It is believed that the first work printed on "Remington" is the novel "Tom Sawyer" by the English writer Mark Twain. The percussion mechanism left an imprint of the text on the paper using a special ink ribbon.
- In the VII - XIX centuries. they wrote in ink using goose pens. Before that, the pen had to be sharpened appropriately. At the beginning of the 19th century, even a special machine was invented for these purposes. Several feathers have survived to this day, which were used in the work of A.S. Pushkin. In the era of tsarist Russia, the export of goose feathers for writing brought significant income to the state treasury.
- It was with the help of ink that people passed on their thoughts and knowledge from generation to generation. No wonder, the English romantic poet George Byron once said: "One drop of ink is enough to excite the thought of millions of people."
- Vladimir Ilyich Lenin contrived to convey letters from the tsarist prison to his comrades-in-arms, written in colorless ink. Their recipe was quite simple: an inkwell was made from the crumb of black bread, into which milk was poured. He wrote the text on paper. The milk dried up and became invisible on the white sheet. In order to read what was written, it was necessary to hold the sheet a little over the candle. In case of danger, Lenin ate the "inkwell" along with the "ink". Lemon juice can also be used instead of milk.
- Octopuses, cuttlefish and squid are capable of emitting a substance very similar to ink in case of danger. It really can be used for writing. In addition, it is used in restaurants to prepare various pasta sauces.
- The world's most expensive ink is made by designer Diddo. He makes them out of banknotes. It takes about $ 10, 000 to make a small tube of ink. Naturally, only very wealthy clients can use them.
- Comic editor Mark Grunwald has been with Marvel Comics for nearly 20 years. He died in 1996 of a heart attack. Before his death, Grunwald stated that his corpse must be burned, and the ashes must be mixed with ink to be used for printing comics.
- American George Parker decided to save humanity from the need to constantly dip a pen into an inkwell. In 1889 he received a patent for the production of fountain pens. They used the principle of capillary ink retention. And during the First World War, Parker developed special granules that, when mixed with water, turned into ink. They gained great popularity in the active army. In the twenties, Parker originally advertised his products: the pen was thrown from an airplane flying at an altitude of several hundred meters. The pen remained intact, even ink did not flow out.