Why is there a pom-pom on the hat

With the arrival of winter, caps of all kinds of colors and styles begin to decorate the heads of citizens. Fur, leather, cloth and, of course, knitted with pompoms.

Pompom (fr. Pompe - "splendor") - decoration made of threads in the form of a ball. Sometimes it is also called pumpon, boombon, bubo, but these are all incorrect names. So where did he come from on hats?

The pom-pom was a very popular element of the military uniform. For example, in the military uniform of the Russian army of the 18th century, pompons were considered one of the insignia. By their color it was possible to distinguish a non-commissioned officer from a soldier. Soldiers had one-color pom-poms, and non-commissioned officers had two-color.

But the French sailors used pom-poms on their headdresses for a completely different purpose. Previously, ships had cramped spaces with low ceilings, and a pompom protected the sailor's head from hitting their ledges. Now the ship premises have become more spacious, but the tradition of using a red pom-pom on the white caps of French sailors has survived to this day.

It is unlikely that pom-pom hats (also called bobble hats) were able to protect the heads of violent English football fans who beat them to blood in street fights, but in the sixties of the last century this headdress moved into their wardrobe. In addition to the fans, skiers also wore hats with pompoms, although his presence on the cap hardly made it easier for them to fall. In a word, having lost its connection with military uniforms, the pompom completely lost its already dubious functionality, turning into an exclusively decorative detail and a charming attribute of winter.