It is simply impossible to imagine modern clothes without buttons. And the very first appeared in the III millennium BC. It was the buttons of that era that were found during archaeological excavations in the Indus Valley.
In the Middle Ages, a large number of buttons on clothes was an indicator of a person's noble origin. For example, the ceremonial dress of King Francis I of France had 13, 600 buttons. However, it played a cruel joke with the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand: in 1914 he was assassinated in the city of Sarajevo. While all the buttons on the uniform were unbuttoned, precious time was lost. A few minutes later, Franz-Ferdinand passed away.
But on the soldier's greatcoats of Napoleon's army, the buttons were pewter. What was good for warm France turned out to be a problem in Russia - in the cold the tin simply crumbled, and the uniform fell off the soldiers.
Emperor Peter the Great once noticed that the sleeves of a soldier's uniform were greasy. The thing is that the soldiers recruited from the peasants had the habit of wiping their mouths after eating with their sleeves. By the way, they wiped their nose the same way. Peter decided to wean them from such a habit, ordering them to sew buttons on the sleeves. There they were completely unnecessary, but it became difficult to use a cuff instead of a napkin and a handkerchief.
As you know, men's clothing is fastened to the right side. This is also not without reason. In ancient times, a warrior during a battle held a shield in his left hand. The left floor was fastened to the right so that the enemy's sword did not fall between them.
Probably, many did not even think about why the button is called that. And in ancient times, the button was a kind of amulet to scare away evil forces. A shot or a small pebble was placed inside the buttons, which tinkled when walking. Therefore, "button" and "scarecrow" are cognate words.
In the Soviet Union, strict requirements were imposed on buttons - according to GOST, it had to withstand a load of 5 kg. A modern button has much simpler reliability indicators - only 0.5 kg.
On October 31, 1961, the body of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was taken out of the mausoleum. It was decided to bury the leader of the peoples at the Kremlin wall. The participants in this event recalled that golden buttons were cut off from Stalin's uniform and replaced with ordinary brass buttons.
Philobutonist - this is how the collector of buttons is called. The first society of button collectors appeared in Chicago in 1939. But the Chinese collector Bu Jinfang is even included in the Guinness Book of Records, he managed to collect a collection of buttons, in which there were 110, 000 copies.