All of us with a well-known bicycle today can only be surprised by the fact that uncivilized African tribes, transport have become just the same subject of everyday life - almost everyone has it and it is difficult to find a person who cannot ride on it. But how was our two-wheeled friend born?
It is believed that the first to ride in this way was invented by the German Karl Drez in 1818. But that bike looked very different from what we see now. Baron Karl Friedrich Christian Ludwig Drez von Sauerbronn (full name of the "father of the bicycle") from the German city of Karlsruhe presented his brainchild to the public, patenting his invention, which he had invented a year earlier. By the way, it was said that a transport was patented under a slightly different name - Laufmaschine, literally translated from German - a running machine. The body of the car was wooden, like the wheels, there were no pedals at all - Laufmaschine worked on the principle of a scooter.
The invention of the German was quickly loved in Europe; soon his two-wheeled transport could be found literally in every city. The only thing that the Europeans changed was the name, the German word sounded very unpleasant in French and English, so it was replaced by a trolley (the suffix -ine was simply added to the surname of the inventor).
By the end of the year in which the prototype of the modern bicycle was invented, the trolley was wildly successful and popular, so it was decided to launch the production of an improved model. Denis Johnson, a businessman from England, volunteered to start the release, but an overlay with the name came out, because the new model cannot be a trolley. The French inventor Joseph Nicephorus Niepce found a way out and suggested the well-known name of the bicycle. Having received it by merging two Latin words: velox - fast, pedis - legs. In French it was read as "vélocipède" and literally translated swift.
But still, for us, people of the twenty-first century, it was more a scooter than a bicycle. How did it happen that he got pedals? Thanks to Pierre Michaud, the Parisian coachman. One day in 1860, he was fixing his bicycle and decided that it would be a good idea to install pedals on the front wheels. It was a breakthrough. Riding the new bicycles was much more comfortable and faster, Pierre and his brother Ernest Michaud started producing up to 400 new bicycles a year. And nine years later, the world recognized that a bicycle should look like this.
Even later, bright minds suggested covering the wheels with dense rubber to dampen vibrations while driving. The same Pierre Michaud guessed to replace the wooden frame with an iron one; after all these modifications, the bicycle that passed through the hands of various inventors became very similar to his great-great-grandson - the bicycle of a modern man.
The first bicycle, similar to those used today, was made in 1884 by the English inventor John Kemp Starley. He had a chain drive to the rear wheel, wheels of the same size, and the driver sat between the wheels.