The history of the creation of the dishwasher began when the great-granddaughter of the inventor of the steamer John Fitch, Josephine Cochrane (by her husband), was missing several plates in her 17th-century collectible china sets. Deciding not to trust the servants to do the dishes anymore, she began to wash the dishes herself. Several sessions of washing dirty dishes quickly cooled the ardor of the woman, but she did not give up and decided to go the other way. The famous phrase of Josephine "If no one is going to invent a dishwasher, then I will do it myself" went down in history.
At the same time, Josephine's husband dies from a serious illness, on whom the well-being of the family was kept, leaving her without means of subsistence and with a bunch of debts. The stranded widow retires and begins to create the first prototype of her brainchild in a shed in the backyard. And just a few months later, on December 31, 1885, she patented the result of her work in the Illinois branch of the United States Patent Office. The first dishwasher was operated traditionally for Fitch's descendants with steam. A heater (in other words, a stove) was placed under the lower tank, on the side that was intended for hot water. The water temperature rose, pressure was created, the pump pistons began to move and drive water into the upper reservoir, where the basket with precious saucers and cups was located. The movable base was also driven by steam by means of a system of levers. In her patent letter, Josephine wrote that there would be no need to wipe freshly washed dishes. As conceived by the inventor, they had to dry out from the high temperature that they acquired during the washing process. Josephine intended to get completely clean and dry dishes out of the car, but this was not entirely the case. Washing dishes in Madame Cochrane's unit was a pretty wet affair, but despite some shortcomings, the invention had considerable success.
Having patented the invention, the first thing Mrs. Cochrane set up the production of her creation. She sold two units to a large hotel in Chicago, and orders from large hotels and restaurants fell on Josephine like a cornucopia.
It should be noted that the innovation cost no less than $ 150, which at the current exchange rate is about 4, 500. Not everyone is ready to buy a dishwasher for such funds in our time, but then it was just crazy money. Men were especially indignant, refusing to pay a fortune for what the servant does daily and much cheaper. Nevertheless, Josephine Cochrane showed her dishwasher at the World's Fair in Chicago on April 1, 1893 and made a splash.
Interestingly, the representatives of the church called the dishwasher "immoral", and some, especially ardent opponents, even "the devil of hell." But the most violent protests came from female servants, who believed that the dishwasher would rob them of their jobs.
Four years after the dishwasher was introduced to the general public, Josephine Cochrane advertised her business venture, Garis-Cochrane, in periodicals. She later said that her main task was not turning a secular person into a mechanic, but turning a secular person into a creator of a new product.
Despite the increasing sales, the successful businesswoman did not rest on her laurels, but constantly improved her invention. Its final creation was an apparatus with a rotating system for rinsing dishes, a centrifugal pump and a hose for draining water.
Josephine Cochrane died at the age of 74, in 1913, a wealthy and famous lady. In the last years of her life, she liked to say: "If I knew everything that I know now, I would never have had the courage to start." After her death, her company was sold to another owner, and in 1940 it became part of the Whirlpool Corporation.