The headscarf worn by men in hot countries is called "keffiyeh". It serves to protect the head and face from the sun, sand and cold. This headdress has become widespread in the Arabian Desert, the Sahara, the Arabian and Sinai Peninsulas, in the Persian Gulf countries, in eastern Asia and northern Africa, where the main population is Arabs. Often the keffiyeh is worn with a black hoop - an egal, holding a scarf on the head.
In various Arab countries, the method of tying the keffiyeh is also different. For example, in Saudi Arabia this style is quite simple - a monochromatic headscarf thrown over the head - sometimes even without a supporting hoop. In Oman, keffiyeh is tied in a much more complex way and in a completely different way than the Saudis, in the manner of a turban. The Omanis do not use the hoop supporting the keffiyeh, which is common in Jordan and Palestine.
The name “arafatka” was given to the keffiyeh in Russian-speaking countries during the aggravation of the Palestinian conflict in the late 1980s, when the Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat often appeared on TV screens, whose image was an integral part of the keffiyeh. The keffiyeh of Yasser Arafat was placed on the head in such a way that the part of the fabric on the shoulder resembled the shape of historical Palestine.
The name “shemagh”, “shemagh” was used by the soldiers of the British Empire, who wore keffihs almost everywhere in hot countries, including during the Second World War.
Since the 2000s, keffiyeh has become a fashion trend used by European and American couturiers. Also, wearing arafatki is popular among anti-fascists and some youth subcultures.