Whitcomb Judson of Chicago received a patent for an invention he called the Shoe Clasp on November 7, 1891.
But the fastener turned out to be unreliable and in 10 years the largest order was the purchase of 20 fasteners for bags with letters by the American postal service.
In 1917, the Swiss engineer Gideon Sanbeck modified the zipper and patented his invention, which has survived to this day practically unchanged.
For the first twenty years of its existence, zipper was used exclusively for boots and pouches.
One of the first major customers for the zipper was the US Army, which ordered the zipper for the ammunition of soldiers during the First World War.
Helped to win worldwide recognition for the zipper was "Rubber Baron" Betram Goodridge, head of the galoshes company. He ordered 150, 000 fasteners for his product.
In the 1930s, the zipper made a splash in the children's clothing market, allowing toddlers to get dressed in a minute.
Lightning won its final victory in 1937: the tailors' conservatism was broken when the Duke of Windsor chose it as a trouser fastener.