The fork was first mentioned in the Middle East in the 9th century. Interesting fact, the fork was used to prick the fruit to keep out of the juice. However, there is evidence that the fork was born in 1072 in Byzantium in the city of Constantinople in the imperial palace. It was made in one copy of gold, and its handle was decorated with mother-of-pearl inlay on ivory. This fork was intended for the Byzantine princess Maria of Iverskaya, who can be considered the inventor of the fork. Considering it humiliating for herself to eat with her hands, she invented it herself. But since the 17th century, the fork has become a necessary attribute at the meals of the Italian nobility and merchants.
In Northern Europe, the fork appeared much later. For the first time in English, it was described by Thomas Coriet in a book about his Italian travels in 1611, but the fork was widely used in England only in the 18th century. Interestingly that the Catholic Church did not welcome its use, calling the fork "an unnecessary luxury." Curved-barbed forks first appeared in Germany in the 18th century. Around this time, four-prong forks were mainly used.
An interesting fact, the plug appeared in Russia in 1606, and was brought by Marina Mnishek. At a wedding feast in the Kremlin, Marina shocked the Russian boyars and clergy with a fork. The word "fork" finally entered the Russian language only in the 18th century, and before that it was called "spear" and "Viltsy". And then the fork was a luxury for the rich, at dinner, spoons and bread were put on the table for each guest, and a knife and fork were only for honored guests.