In our modern calendar, November is the eleventh month of the year, until 1700 in Russia it was the third, and among the ancient Romans the ninth, which is why November got its name "novem" - "nine". But the Slavs called this month "breast", the frozen ground, mixed with the first snow, formed "heaps" that greatly impede movement on autumn roads. It is the "breast" that Nestor the Chronicler calls November in his "Tale of Bygone Years". The same name is found in the church monthly words.
On the first day of November, our ancestors celebrated the feast of the Holy Unmercenaries Cosmas and Damian, whom they venerated as protectors from various ailments. In addition, Cosmas and Damian were the patrons of blacksmiths, therefore, the blacksmiths themselves considered it a great sin to work on this day. It was customary to celebrate weddings on Cosmas and Damian; it was believed that these saints would help newlyweds create a strong family. According to the Gregorian calendar, the holiday of Cosmas and Damian is celebrated on November 14th.
The first day of the week of November always coincides with the first day of March and ends on the same day of the week as August. In the Northern Hemisphere, November is the last month of autumn, but in Southern November, spring ends. In Central Russia, November is a kind of transition from autumn to winter. As a rule, the average daily temperature in November drops below zero degrees.
The first sobering-up station in Russia was opened in Russia in November. And it happened on November 7, 1902 in Tula. The initiator of the discovery was Dr. Fedor Sergeevich Arkhangelsky. The institution was opened with good intentions so that people in a state of strong alcoholic intoxication could receive overnight accommodation and timely medical assistance. Previously, many alcoholics simply froze on the street.
International KVN Day is celebrated annually on November 8. On this day in 1961, Soviet viewers first saw a new program on TV screens, which quickly gained popularity in the country. True, already in 1972 this game disappeared from the air for as much as 14 years, the revival of the Club of the cheerful and resourceful took place only during perestroika - in 1986.
It is believed that children born in November can achieve great success in sports. This is due to the fact that most of the mother's pregnancy is in sunny weather, the body receives a large amount of vitamin D. Therefore, children are born healthy and energetic. In addition, left-handers are often found among those who celebrate their birthday in November.
But psychologists call November itself the most depressive month of the year. The days are getting shorter, the world around us looks gloomy, which makes people bored. It is recommended not to save on electricity, switch on more lamps at home and at work. It is said that the rulers of ancient Rome were good psychologists, therefore, they often arranged entertainment events in the autumn months.
With November, a large number of signs were associated with our ancestors. For example, it was believed that the appearance of hares near settlements in this month foreshadowed the imminent onset of cold weather. and if it was already snowing in November, a good harvest of grain could be expected next year. According to the popular calendar, the first winter began in mid-November with the first frosts. And the real "root" winter came on the day of the winter solstice - December 22.
As already mentioned, in the Southern Hemisphere, November is the last month of spring. In this regard, the 1956 Summer Olympics, which were held in the Australian city of Melbourne, were opened on November 22 and ended on December 8. Most of the participants represented Europe, where it was already winter at that time. Interestingly, Soviet footballers in Melbourne became Olympic champions.
On November 2, 1721, Russia became an empire, and Peter the Great took the title of Emperor of All Russia. Not long before this event, Russia had won a victory over Sweden in the Northern War, and the country's international authority had grown significantly. The new title of monarch was immediately approved by Holland and Prussia, and two years later by Sweden.
In Soviet times, one of the main public holidays was the Day of the Great October Revolution, which, according to the new style, was celebrated on November 7. Since 2005, National Unity Day has become a public holiday; it falls on a religious holiday - the Day of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, celebrated on November 4. On this day in 1612, Moscow was liberated from the Polish invaders.
On November 29, 1783, a new letter appeared in the Russian alphabet - "E". At a meeting of the Russian Academy of Literature, it was decided to replace the sound "io" with one letter "e". The first writer who used the new letter was N.M. Karamzin, and in the city of Ulyanovsk even a monument was erected to this letter. After all, Karamzin was a native of the Simbirsk province.