May 11 - What Should We Know?

Days go by and we just don't notice. What is interesting and surprising hidden in May 11?

The following holidays are officially celebrated on this day:

1. USA, National Day, when you can eat what you want - this is the unofficial American Eat What You Want Day - "Eat what you want". It is not known when, who, why and why came up with to celebrate such a holiday, but this is the day when you can forget about all diets.

In addition, there is a Russian proverb: If you eat badly on May 11, the owner will not see a good harvest.

And one more folk tradition is Berezosok - it is believed that the juice collected on this day is the most useful.

2. Iceland, Last day of the fishing season

Iceland is the only state in Scandinavia where the ancient Viking Calendar is used to determine the dates of some national holidays. One of these holidays is the last day of the fishing season.

And the most interesting thing is what happened on May 11 most interesting in the history of mankind:

May 11, 330 - the official solemn ceremony of consecration of Constantinople to the new capital of the Roman Empire by all prominent Christian bishops took place. All the military leaders were also present at the holidays, thus consecrating the city under the name of Constantinople, the emperor thereby opposed the new capital of his empire to pagan Rome.

In Byzantium, this date was celebrated as a state and church holiday. In honor of the holiday, citizens were given free bread brought from agricultural farms located around the new city.

May 11, 868 - The first printed book, The Diamond Sutra, is published in China. This document was published hundreds of years before the advent of type printing technology in Europe. This is the oldest surviving, accurately dated printed document. Paper and printing were already used in China before the advent of the Diamond Sutra, but this is the first known edition to have a clearly marked release date.

One of the main works of the Buddhist canon. A copy of the document was created by a man named Wang Ji on May 11, 868, on behalf of his parents. Now the book is included in the collection of the British Library in London.

In 1811, in Siam, in present-day Thailand, the conjoined twins Chang and Eng Bunker were born.

It is believed that the name "Siamese twins" came from them. But at the same time, the brothers miraculously survived, since everyone believed that they were marked by the devil and it was necessary to get rid of them. The king of the kingdom of Siam, when he heard about their birth, ordered to urgently kill the babies. But their life was saved by their mother, she did not abandon her children. And later, the king changed his anger to mercy.

1916 - Albert Einstein publicly presented his theory of relativity.

1920 - Oxford University Council allowed women to be educated within their walls.

1927 - The American Academy of Motion Picture Arts is founded.

The academy appeared as an opportunity to defend against the trade union organizations of "true filmmakers", the very idea belonged to Louis Meyer. The most famous and wealthy Hollywood producer of the time.

That is, it is written in the charter of the Academy, by any means to protect the Academy from external threats, thus, all the actors were deprived of the right to join the trade union organizations of their profession. The Academy approved the Oscar.

1928 - The world's first regular television broadcast begins in New York.

1949 - The first Polaroid camera is sold in New York. It then cost $ 89 95 cents.

1950 - In Paris, at the Théâtre des Noctambules (Theater of the Night owls), the premiere of the play "The Bald Singer" by the Franco-Romanian playwright Eugene Ionesco

At first, the play was not successful. So far, famous critics and writers, including Jean Anouil and Raymond Queneau, have not supported her. The play became one of the most played in France

1981 - The premiere of Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Cats" took place in London. Written word by Nobel laureate TS Eliot. On of the most famous works, which started on Broadway a year later.

1985 - Madonna's single "Crazy For You" (from the movie "Vision Quest") won the first place in the United States.

1991 - Swedish duo "Roxette" took first place in the US charts with the song "Joyride".

Group members: Marie Fredrickson and Per Gessle. By the mid-80s of the last century, Marie had already sold 300 thousand copies of her solo works. In 1986, the musicians decided to join forces and create a duet, and this is how “Roxet” appeared, with a focus on guitar music.

The very first album received platinum, and on May 11, 1991, the title track from the third album "Roxet" Joyride (Joyride) conquered the top line of the American charts.

1997 - World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov admitted defeat in a match with the IBM "Deep Blue" computer.

2000 - the billionth inhabitant of this state, Asta Arora, was born in India.

2000 - Paul McCartney becomes the first rock musician to be honored to perform at the legendary arena of the Colosseum. The concert was attended by only 400 spectators, tickets for which were sold at a special auction

2003 - Benvenuto Cellini's Saliera is abducted from the Vienna Museum of Art History.

The Saliera was the only surviving gold sculpture by the famous Italian master. The cost of the stolen masterpiece is $ 55 million.

Early in the morning, the thief entered the second floor of the museum building, located in the center of Vienna, by stairs, and, breaking a glass collage containing a sculpture made in the 16th century, took it out of the museum. In 2006 it was found with little or no damage.

2004 - The longest reality show "Dom-2", entered in the Guinness Book of Records, started on the TNT channel.

And a small number of dates that might be of interest:

1712 - The Tula Arms Factory was founded.

1858 - Minnesota becomes the 32nd US state.

1860 - Disembarkation of Giuseppe Garibaldi's "thousand" in Sicily.

1867 - At a conference in London, the European powers guaranteed the independence and neutrality of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

1878 - Max Hedel made an attempt on the life of the German Emperor Wilhelm I, who was not injured.

1891 - Incident in Otsu, Japan.

1896 - Tomsk Technological Institute founded

1911 - II Stakhovsky made the first flight in Russia on the Voisin-Canar seaplane.

1920 - The first issue of the Gudok newspaper was published.

1926 - The Norway airship took off from Spitsbergen to Teller (Alaska, USA) on its first airship flight to the North Pole. Among the crew members are outstanding personalities: Amundsen, Umberto Nobile and Lincoln Ellsward.

1931 - The financial crisis in Central Europe begins with the bankruptcy of the Austrian bank Credit-Anstalt.

1939 Beginning of an armed conflict on the Khalkhin-Gol river

1941 - As a result of the Nazi air raid on London, Queens Hall, for many years the main concert hall of London, is completely destroyed.

1961 - The first takeoff of the Ka-25 helicopter (test pilot D.K.Efremov) took place.