Everyone who passed by the fire shield, of course, noticed that the bucket hanging on it has an unusual shape - a cone-shaped one. Why exactly this? On this score, there are many versions - from plausible to the most fantastic. Below is a whole list of assumptions.
In the Soviet Union, many explained this fact very simply - the bucket has the shape of a cone so that it would not be stolen. Firstly, such a bucket is practically useless in the household, because it cannot even be placed flat on the ground. Secondly, such a bucket will immediately give out a thief, it is very different from the usual cylindrical bucket.
Another version - a conical bucket is more convenient to use in winter, if you have to draw water from an ice-covered reservoir. Say, you can break ice with a cone. It is possible that it is so. But, it is much more convenient to break through the ice with a crowbar, and, as you know, it hangs on the fire shield next to the bucket.
And there is such an explanation - when parsing a conflagration, you can put a bucket on your head, instead of a helmet. After all, the helmets of the ancient warriors were also pointed, it was more difficult to strike them with a direct chopping blow.
And also in the Soviet Union there was such a slogan - "The economy must be economical." Perhaps they were just saving metal on fire buckets? In addition, the cone bucket was easier to make - no need to attach a bottom to it. Perhaps, but historians of firefighting argue that buckets of this shape began to be made not in the USSR, but in Germany, and then they spread throughout Europe. And the Germans, as you know, are famous for their accuracy and ability to save money.
True, the "German" version also has opponents who claim that the British sailors used the buckets of this shape. Moreover, they were made from canvas. And at the beginning of the 18th century, Russian sailors began to use them.
And the fire is extinguished not only with water, but also with sand. It is believed that it is much easier to scoop up sand with such a bucket.
And hard sand can also be crushed with a sharp cone.
Firefighters say it is more convenient to pour water out of a conical bucket. It spills out all without a trace. And the tapered edge is more comfortable to hold with your hand than a flat bottom.
When extinguishing a fire, you need to act quickly. Therefore, putting such a bucket on the ground and taking a breath, even for a few seconds, will not work.
Those who have carried buckets filled with water know that they hit the legs unpleasantly when they walk. But conical buckets absolutely do not interfere with fast movement.
It is difficult to say which of the above versions is the closest to the truth. But the fact that workers of the fire services of Russia will soon celebrate their 370th anniversary is an obvious fact. On April 30, 1649, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich signed the "Order of the City Deanery". In Moscow, round-the-clock fire patrols were created, which were not only supposed to extinguish fires, but also to ensure that the city's population complied with fire safety requirements. All courtyards were supposed to have buckets of water in case of fire. True, those buckets were made of wood and did not have a conical shape.