A dwarf is a person of short stature who has stopped growing as a result of some kind of disease. The most common dystrophic dwarfs, in the body of which there is a deficiency of growth hormone due to functional disorders of the pituitary gland (pituitary dwarfism). Such people, as a rule, are always proportionally built, good-looking and mentally developed, but may have sexual underdevelopment. There are also dwarfs with a disproportionate physique. Very often they have a deficiency in the secretion of thyroid hormones, which is expressed in the form of a delay in mental and physical development, and also predisposes to various chronic diseases, in particular, to rickets, renal failure, and impaired absorption of food in the intestines. Today, a disease such as dwarf ochondroplasia is often found in nature. At the same time, patients have a disproportionate structure: massive head and torso, large genitals and underdeveloped limbs.
Lilliputian is a person who inherited pituitary insufficiency from ancestors as a pathology. The growth of a midget is 40-90 centimeters, and its weight ranges from five to fifteen kilograms. According to statistics, today about eight hundred Lilliputians live on our planet, most often they work in traditional circuses and fairs. Unlike dwarfs, midgets are built quite harmoniously. Even in adulthood, they have excellent proportions and look a little like children. It is worth noting that midgets are people suffering from a pathology of the pituitary gland, which is responsible for the production of growth hormone. That is why this disease is called pituitary dwarfism.
- A dwarf is a person with an acquired disease of the pituitary gland, a midget gets pituitary insufficiency by inheritance.
- Dwarfs have a disproportionate build, with large bodies and small limbs. Lilliputians are proportionally built and look a little like children.