Interesting facts "Man" Interesting facts about the Romanov dynasty
- The Romanovs had a generic legend, according to which their ancestor Andrei the mare came to Russia from Prussia at the beginning of the XIV century. One of the wives of Ivan the Terrible was the representative of this family, Anastasia Romanovna Zakharyina, thanks to which they became close to the royal court. And after the suppression of the Rurik dynasty, they even received some rights to the Russian throne.
- The direct branch of the Romanov family was interrupted in 1762 after the death of the daughter of Peter I, the childless Empress Elizabeth Petrovna.
- The first representative of the Romanov family on the throne was Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov, who was elected to the kingdom by the Zemsky Sobor in February 1613. At that time, the young king was only sixteen years old. It is believed that they ruled before 1917, but this is not true. Since 1761, male rulers were representatives of the German Holstein-Gottorp dynasty. Despite this, in 1913, celebrations were held in Russia on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
- An interesting coincidence, in 1613, when Mikhail Romanov was elected to the kingdom, he and his mother, nun Martha, were in the Ipatiev Monastery near Kostroma. And on the night of July 16-17, 1918, the royal family was shot in Yekaterinburg in the basement of the house of engineer Ipatiev. Until now, this house has not survived; it was demolished in September 1977. It was decided that the house would attract increased attention from foreign tourists.
- During the reign of the Romanovs, many very strange coincidences happened. During the wedding, he ascended the throne, overcoming 23 steps. Exactly the same number led to the basement of the Ipatiev house, to the place of execution of the family of the last Russian emperor. And Nicholas II ruled from 1894 to 1917. It turns out 23 years.
The future Emperor Alexander II was born on April 17, 1818. The famous holy fool named Fyodor predicted that he would be mighty and glorious, but that he would die "in red boots." the prophecy came true in 1881: the terrorist Ignatius Grinevitsky threw a bomb at the emperor's feet. Alexander II's legs were crushed to the knees, they barely managed to take him to the Winter Palace, where he died.
- The family coat of arms of the House of Romanov was approved only during the reign of Alexander II, in 1856. Until that time, the Romanovs used as such the state emblem of Russia - the two-headed eagle. The new coat of arms for the Romanovs was developed by the famous heraldist and numismatist Boris Vasilievich Kone. The description of the coat of arms was as follows: “in a silver field there is a scarlet vulture holding a golden sword and tarch, crowned with a small eagle; on a black border there are eight torn off lion heads; four gold and four silver.” Why did the Romanovs do without their own coat of arms for so long? to the two-headed eagle, they tried to emphasize their belonging to the Rurikovichs, and from them, respectively, to the emperors of Byzantium.In 1613, many understood perfectly well that young Michael was far from the most worthy candidate for the throne.
- The most famous representative of the Romanov dynasty was Peter I. During the reign of Peter the Great, there were persistent rumors that his mother, Natalya Naryshkina, gave birth not to a son, but to a daughter. Fearing the wrath of her husband, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, she decided on a substitution, took a newborn child from the German settlement, located near Moscow. This is how many explained Peter's craving for everything foreign, and his roots affected.
- In 1722, Peter the Great abolished the ancient custom of transferring power to direct male descendants. Now absolutely any person, regardless of the degree of kinship, could become the heir, at the will of the current emperor. it is not surprising that after the death of Peter himself, Russia plunged into the era of Palace coups for a long time. The Peter's decree was canceled only in 1797 by Paul the First. Returned to the old order of transfer of power.
- The reign of the Romanovs ended on March 2, 1917. On this day, Emperor Nicholas II signed a Manifesto of abdication in favor of his younger brother Mikhail, but the next day he also relinquished power. Already in the early twenties, many Russian émigrés declared that Nicholas's abdication had no legal force, he could, of course, renounce the throne, but he had no right to do so in relation to his heir, Alexei's son. And Nikolai transferred power to his brother, bypassing his son.
- Nicholas II was far from the only representative of the Romanov dynasty whose life ended tragically. As a result of palace conspiracies, his predecessors, Peter the Third and Paul the First, perished, and Alexander the Second was killed by a bomb thrown at his feet by a terrorist.
- After the tragic death of the Romanovs, a huge number of impostors appeared, posing as the children of Nicholas II, who miraculously escaped the execution. 28 of them passed themselves off as Olga, 33 as Tatiana, 53 as Maria, 34 as Anastasia. But, most of all was the False Alekseev. 81 people tried to present themselves as the surviving only son of Nicholas II.