Interesting facts "Man" Interesting facts about Alexander Nevsky
- Alexander Nevsky was born in May 1221. He was the son of the Pereyaslavl prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich and his wife Rostislav Mstislavna. The date of birth of Alexander is not definitively established, according to some sources, he was born a year earlier - in 1220. In 1225, the child underwent a ceremony of initiation into warriors - "princely tonsure", which was performed by Bishop Simon of Suzdal.
- Alexander became a prince of Novgorod when he was just a child, at the age of nine he was sent to Novgorod together with his older brother Fedor. Three years later, Fyodor died, and the entire burden of power fell on Alexander's shoulders. In 1238 the young prince got married. His wife was Alexandra Bryachislavna, the daughter of the Polotsk prince Bryachislav Vasilkovich.
- Why Prince Alexander Yaroslavich began to be called Nevsky? In 1240, the young prince, who was not yet 20 years old, defeated the Swedish army with his Novgorod squad, which landed at the mouth of the Neva. The surviving Swedes retreated to their ships and crossed to the other side of the river. Thus, Prince Alexander managed to prevent the enemy from advancing to Ladoga and Novgorod. And in recognition of Alexander's merits, he received the honorary nickname - "Nevsky".
- Two years after the battle on the Neva, another battle between the Novgorodians and the enemy took place. This time on the ice of Lake Peipsi with German knights. Thanks to the victory of the troops of Alexander Nevsky, the Teutonic knights did not appear within the Novgorod land for 10 years. It is interesting that the exact place of the battle on Lake Peipsi has not yet been established, despite the fact that expeditions have been sent here several times. Including from the Institute of Archeology of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
- "Whoever comes to us with a sword will perish by the sword!" From school, everyone knows that these words belong to the legendary commander Alexander Nevsky. In fact, the prince did not say anything like that. At least in none of the chronicles there is any evidence of this. This phrase appeared in the script for the feature film "Alexander Nevsky". And the script was written by the Soviet writer and journalist Pyotr Pavlenko. This statement is probably based on a phrase taken from
The Gospel of Matthew: "all who take the sword will perish by the sword."
- In 1252, Alexander Yaroslavich became the Grand Duke of Vladimir. He ruled the Vladimir land until his death in 1263. And the death of the prince raises many questions. Shortly before his death, he went to the Horde, where before returning home he fell ill. There is speculation that he was poisoned. Despite the illness, the prince went to Vladimir, but on the way he died in Gorodets, having assumed the monastic schema and the name Aleksey before his death.
- The prince was buried in the Nativity monastery of Vladimir. In 1547 Alexander Nevsky was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church. The relics of the holy prince were kept in the Nativity monastery until the era of Peter the Great. In 1723, by decree of the emperor, the relics were taken from Vladimir to Shlissenburg, and in August 1724 they were transferred to the Alexander Nevsky Church of the Alexander Nevsky Holy Trinity Monastery in St. Petersburg. In 1797 the monastery received the status of a lavra.
- Most of the information about Prince Alexander Nevsky has come down to us thanks to the "Tale of the Life of Alexander Nevsky", which was written in the 13th century, shortly after the death of the prince. The author of this work is unknown, presumably he was Metropolitan Kirill. Academician Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev believed that if the "Tale" was not written by Kirill himself, then he could be the customer of this work.
- It is not known for certain what Prince Alexander Yaroslavich Nevsky looked like. Therefore, in many works of art we see not a portrait of the prince himself, but the face of the famous Soviet actor Nikolai Cherkasov, who played Alexander Nevsky in the film of the same name, which was filmed by directors Sergei Eisenstein and Dmitry Vasiliev in 1938. The film was personally approved by J.V. Stalin.
- In 2008, the "Russia" TV channel hosted the project "The Name of Russia". For seven months, Russians have been choosing a person who is the most significant in the history of our state. In the decisive round, 12 names remained, from which the jury was to choose the winner. As a result, two Alexander were recognized as such - Nevsky and Pushkin. In second place is Suvorov. On the third - Stolypin.
- From 1725 to 1917 in the Russian Empire there was an order named after St. Alexander Nevsky. According to the plan of Peter the Great, it was supposed to be presented exclusively for military merits. But, soon after the death of the emperor, Catherine the First ordered to hand him over to civilians. The order ceased to exist after the October Revolution, and in 1942 the Order of Alexander Nevsky appeared in the Red Army. The command staff was awarded with it.