On February 18, 1831 in the Moscow Church of the Ascension of the Lord, which was located on Bolshaya Nikitskaya Street, the wedding of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin with the daughter of the collegiate assessor Nikolai Afanasevich Goncharov Natalia took place. The poet's family life lasted only six years; at the beginning of 1837, Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin died of a mortal wound received during a duel with an officer of the Cavalry Regiment Dantes.
After the poet's death, he left four children: the eldest Maria was 4 years old at that time, Alexander - 3, Grigory - 1, 5, and Natalia was only six months old. Alas, they did not get a solid inheritance from their father, but huge debts, including card debts. By decree of Emperor Nicholas I, the debts were paid off, which saved the Pushkin family from collapse. And what about the fate of the children of the great poet?
Maria Alexandrovna Pushkina, after graduating from the Catherine Institute, became the maid of honor of Empress Maria Alexandrovna, wife of Emperor Alexander II. In April 1860, Maria married Major General Leonid Gartung, who ran the Imperial stud farms in Moscow and Tula. in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish War, Hartung was accused of large-scale embezzlement. He shot himself. leaving a suicide note: "I have not stolen anything and forgive my enemies." By the way, the facts of theft have not been proven.
Maria Alexandrovna Hartung-Pushkina never married again, she had no children. In 1868 she met the writer Leo Tolstoy in Tula. they say that it was her appearance that he described in the image of Anna Karenina. The last years of Maria Alexandrovna's life were bleak: after the revolution, she found herself in terrible poverty. The People's Commissar of Education Lunacharsky himself was busy with the appointment of a pension for the poet's daughter. The petition was granted, but she did not have time to receive her pension: she died on March 7, 1919 from hunger.
Pushkin's son Alexander Alexandrovich graduated from the Corps of Pages, one of the most prestigious military educational institutions in Russia. In the rank of cornet he was released into the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment. He took part in the Crimean War, in the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, for which he was awarded the Order of St. Vladimir, 4th degree and the golden weapon "For Bravery".
Alexander Alexandrovich died in his advanced years, he was 82 years old. death occurred on August 1, 1914 in the village of Maloe Ostankino. It is interesting that it was on this day that Germany declared war on Russia, and our country entered the bloody First World War.
Preserved youthful portraits of Alexander Alexandrovich Pushkin, in which he strikingly resembles his father. By the way, in 1881, Maria Pushkina, the daughter of Alexander Alexandrovich, married Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol's nephew, Nikolai Bychkov.
Pushkin's second son, Grigory Alexandrovich, like his older brother, graduated from the Corps of Pages, but retired early (at the age of 30), although at this age he was already a lieutenant colonel. For many years he lived in the family estate, the village of Mikhailovsky, Pskov province, where his father, Alexander Sergeevich, loved to be so much. In the estate, Grigory Alexandrovich carefully preserved the memory of his father, despite the fact that he spent the last years of his life on the estate of his wife Varvara Alekseevna, not far from Vilna. He died in 1905 and was buried in Mikhailovsky, next to the chapel. Like his older sister, Grigory Alexandrovich had no children.
The youngest daughter of Pushkin, Natalya, at the age of 17, married Mikhail Dubelt. The young spouse was distinguished by a violent disposition and an ineradicable craving for gambling. He did not change at all after marriage, therefore, the marriage broke up after 9 years. Natalya Alexandrovna went abroad, where she soon married Nicholas of Nassau, a descendant of an ancient family of rulers of the Duchy of Nassau. Natalya Alexandrovna had six children, three from each marriage. She died in 1913 in Cannes, and her ashes were scattered over the grave of her second husband in Wiesbaden. Nikolai of Nassau himself died eight years earlier.
Natalya Nikolaevna Pushkina-Goncharova, the poet's widow, in 1844 married Pyotr Lansky, Major General of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment. In this marriage, she had three more daughters - Alexandra, Sophia and Elizabeth.
I wonder if there are still any of the direct descendants of Alexander Sergeevich in the male line? It turns out that there is only one - Alexander Alexandrovich Pushkin, who currently lives in Belgium. Born in Brussels in 1942, he was only able to visit the homeland of his famous ancestor at the age of 52 for the first time. It is curious that his wife, Maria Alexandrovna, is a descendant of Pushkin - they are second cousins.
But did any of Pushkin's grandchildren and great-grandchildren become a poet, even if not as great as himself? It turns out not. There is even a legend that Alexander Sergeevich bequeathed to his descendants never to write poetry. It's hard to say whether it is true or not. But, the profession of the last descendant of Pushkin in the male line is far from literature, he is an electronic engineer.