Interesting facts from the life of Yesenin, one of the most talented poets of the 20th century, a rebel and an extraordinary personality, as well as the mystery of his tragic death at the zenith of glory.
The future "peasant poet" wrote his first poem at the age of 8.
In his youth, Yesenin joined the trend of "peasant" poets, which was fashionable at that time. Vladimir Mayakovsky, not without irony, wrote: “I knew Yesenin for a long time - ten, twelve years. The first time I met him in bast shoes and a shirt with some kind of embroidery with crosses.
Sergei Yesenin, from his youth was fond of fist fights and was, according to the recollections of his contemporaries, a fairly strong fighter.
In 1916, Yesenin was called up for military service. He could have gone to the front and died, but the intervention of Grigory Rasputin helped, who otmazed the poet and his friend Klyuev from the army. Yesenin turned out to be not an infantryman, but an orderly in the infirmary of the Grand Duchesses Maria and Anastasia.
Soon Yesenin already communicated with the royal family - he met with the sister of the Empress Elizabeth Feodorovna, and with the mother of the emperor Maria Feodorovna. And with the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna herself, too. He performed at creative evenings, dedicated poems to the princesses.
Having arrived to conquer Moscow, 17-year-old Yesenin fell into unconsciousness in love with Anna Izryadnova, a proofreader in a printing house. But soon he left to seek his fortune in Petrograd, leaving his wife and little son. The fate of Yesenin's and Izryadnova's own son Yuri was tragic: on August 13, 1937, he was shot on charges of preparing for an attempt on Stalin's life.
One of the most charming women in Yesenin's life was the famous actress Zinaida Reich. She was so good that the poet simply could not help but fall in love. They got married in 1917, Zinaida gave birth to two children - Tatyana and Konstantin, but Yesenin was never distinguished by loyalty. Reich suffered for three years, after which they parted.
Yesenin was married three times. His last wife, Sofya Andreevna Tolstaya, was the granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy.
Yesenin's second marriage was notable for the fact that his wife (American dancer) Isadora Duncan was 18 years older than the poet and practically did not speak Russian, and Sergei Alexandrovich himself did not speak English at all. As a result, their marriage lasted just over a year.
Being married, Sergei Yesenin had an affair with the poet and translator Nadezhda Volpin. From this union, their illegitimate son Alexander was born in 1924. To this day, he still lives, lives in the United States and bears the double surname Yesenin-Volpin.
Few people know that the last wife, Sophia, tried to place Yesenin for treatment in a neuropsychiatric clinic, from where the poet fled and went to Leningrad, where he stayed at the infamous Angleterre hotel. On December 28, 1925, Yesenin was found hanged from a heating pipe in his room. Also found a farewell note written in blood in the form of a poem "Goodbye, my friend, goodbye ...". Sergei was buried in Moscow at the Vagankovsky cemetery.
Sergei Yesenin had his own Literary Secretary Galina Arturovna Benislavskaya, who for five years dealt with all Yesenin's literary affairs, and negotiated with the editorial staff. She was very strongly attached to Yesenin and, according to Sergei's friends, she wanted to be Yesenin's only close friend. She even accused the poet's friends and even his sister Catherine of trying in every possible way to destroy their relationship. Almost a year after Yesenin's death (December 3, 1926) Galina Benislavskaya shot herself at his grave at the Vagankovsky cemetery. She also left a suicide note containing the following lines: "In this grave for me everything is most precious ..."
In the last years of the poet's life, newspapers were full of exposing articles about him, which spoke of drunkenness, fights and Yesenin's rowdy. Yesenin was involved in 4 criminal cases of hooliganism, in addition, the writer and his friends were accused of anti-Semitism.
Yesenin and another great poet, Vladimir Mayakovsky, publicly criticized each other and made derogatory remarks about the rival's poems, without hesitation in expressions. At the same time, it is known that both writers recognized each other's talent.
Yesenin's acquaintances claimed that the poet had two phobias - the fear of contracting syphilis and the fear of the police.